• Análisis comparativo de precios de medicamentos en América Latina 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; González Tissinetti, Aldo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      Este trabajo realiza una comparación de precios de medicamentos entre las seis principales economías de América Latina. Se emplea un modelo econométrico de panel con efecto fijo por país que controla por un variado ...
    • Commodity prices shocks and poverty reduction in Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; García Marín, Álvaro; Ilabaca, Sebastián (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-07)
      This paper examines the local economic impact of large increases in metal-mining product prices on poverty in Chile. Using household data from 1998 to 2013 and exploiting differences in municipalities’ exposure to price ...
    • Competition, selection, and productivity growth in the chilean manufacturing industry 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; González Tissinetti, Aldo (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-09)
      Recent evidence for several countries shows a decline in TFP growth. However, there is not much evidence for developing countries and much less regarding the impact of competition in product markets. In this paper, we ...
    • David v/s Goliat: the impact of Chinese Competition on Developing Countries 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Claro, Sebastián (Banco Central de Chile, 2008)
      We use detailed Chilean plant-level data from 1990 to 2000 to study the impact of Chinese import competition in manufacturing industries. We study whether China’s imports have been associated with a downsizing of ...
    • Determinantes del desempeño exportador de las firmas chilenas: evidencia en la industria manufacturera 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2002)
      Este artículo analiza los determinantes del desempeño exportador de las firmas manufactureras chilenas en el período 1990-1996. El principal objetivo es identificar aquellos factores que influencian la permanencia de las ...
    • Do institutional blockholders influence corporate investment? evidence from emerging markets 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Jara, Mauricio; Pombo, Carlos (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      This paper examines the relation between firm investment ratios and institutional blockholders for a sample of 6,300 publicly traded firms in 16 large emerging markets for the 2004–2016 period. Results show that independent, ...
    • Does Competition Spur Innovation in Developing Countries? 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Campusano, Rolando (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2014)
      Using the Climate Investment Survey from the World Bank, we analyze the effect of competition on technological innovation in developing countries. We deal with endogeneity of competition by using the interaction between ...
    • Empirical evidence on R&D targeting and transitions 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Poniachik Calderón, Dan (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2015-04)
      Over the last five decades a growing number of governments in developed and developing countries have implemented targeting policies to increase the R&D to GDP ratio. However, until now there have been few attempts either ...
    • Impacto de los obstáculos al conocimiento en la innovación de las empresas chilenas 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Canales, Mario (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-09)
      La mayoría de la literatura previa sobre obstáculos a la innovación se ha centrado en el impacto de las restricciones financieras. En este trabajo, utilizando la 8va Encuesta de Innovación en Chile, se analiza ...
    • Impacto de los Obstáculos al Conocimiento en la Innovación de las Empresas Chilenas 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Canales, Mario (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      La mayoría de la literatura previa sobre obstáculos a la innovación se ha centrado en el impacto de las restricciones financieras. En este trabajo, utilizando la 8va Encuesta de Innovación en Chile, se analiza el efecto ...
    • Natural Resources and Education: Evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Vergara Dominguez, Damian (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      This paper empirically addresses the relationship between natural resource abundance and educational attainment. Using information for Chilean municipalities between 2000 and 2013, we exploit aggregate changes in natural ...
    • Product Mix Changes and Performance in Chilean Plants 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Navarro, Lucas (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2012)
      A recent theoretical literature has given relevance to the study of the relationship between product mix changes and firm productivity. In this paper, taking advantage of a rich dataset for manufacturing plants in Chile ...
    • Productividad y apertura en Chile: 15 años mas tarde 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Fuentes, Rodrigo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1999)
      Este trabajo analiza la evolución de la productividad al nivel de las firmas en la industria manufacturera chilena para el período posterior a la reforma comercial (1979-1994). Usando fronteras estocásticas de producción ...
    • The Effects of Dominant Airlines on Open Skies Agreements 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; González Tissinetti, Aldo; García, Manuel (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      We investigate the determinants of open skies agreements among Latin-American countries, focusing on the impact of having a dominant airline on the willingness of countries to sign agreements with others. We find that, ...
    • The impact of licenses on a “late-starter” LDC: Chile in the 1990s 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Crespi, Gustavo; Ramos Quiñones, Joseph (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2002)
      The acquistion of technology through licenses is a potentially important means of accelerating productivity growth, especially in "late starter" developing countries in the throes of "catch up". Yet the literature has ...