Now showing items 221-240 of 275

    • School Closure and Educational Attainment: Evidence from a Market-based System 

      Grau Veloso, Nicolás; Hojman Trujillo, Daniel; Mizala Salcés, Alejandra (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      This paper studies the effect of school closure in the Chilean market-oriented educational system. Between 2000 and 2012 the system exhibited a large turnover: 1,651 schools closed -roughly one-sixth of the current stock- ...
    • ¿Se premia la habilidad en el mercado laboral docente? ¿Cuánto impacta en el desempeño de los estudiantes? 

      Bravo Urrutia, David; Flores, Bárbara; Medrano Vera, Patricia (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2010)
      El objetivo de este estudio es analizar si el mercado laboral reconoce monetariamente la habilidad de los docentes en Chile y si ésta afecta el desempeño académico de los estudiantes. Para ello, se estiman ecuaciones de ...
    • Sequential equilibrium in incomplete markets with long-term debt 

      Jaar Michea, Daniel (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      This paper proves equilibrium existence in an incomplete market sequential economy with finitely-lived debt contracts. Introducing credit constraints limiting agents’ access to liquidity, we show that a competitive ...
    • Shadow Economies All over the World: New Estimates for 162 Countries from 1999 to 2007 

      Schneider, Friedrich; Buehn, Andreas; Montenegro Muñoz, Claudio (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2010)
      This paper presents estimations of the shadow economies for 162 countries, including developing, Eastern European, Central Asian, and high-income countries over the period 1999 to 2006/2007. According to the estimations, ...
    • Síntesis de teorías sobre la internacionalización de empresas: estudio en base a empresas de países desarrollados y emergentes 

      Spencer Ruff, Erich (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      En el mundo actual las empresas pueden expandir sus acciones fuera de su país de origen con gran facilidad. La globalización permite a los emprendedores, por pequeños que sean, llevar su negocio a cualquier parte del ...
    • Social policy, regulation and private sector water supply: the case of Colombia 

      Gómez-Lobo Echeñique, Andrés; Meléndez, Marcela (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2007)
      This paper investigates the impact of PSP on the poor in the Colombian water sector in terms of access, continuity of service and affordability. Overall, the results indicate that PSP in the Colombian water sector has had ...
    • Soft budgets and renegotiations in public-private partnerships: theory and evidence 

      Engel Goetz, Eduardo; Fischer Barkan, Ronald; Galetovic Potsch, Alexander (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2015-07)
      Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are an increasingly popular organizational form of providing public infrastructure. They can increase e ciency and improve resource allocation, yet pervasive contract renegotiations ...
    • Sovereign Credit Risk in Latin America and Global Common Factors 

      Agosín Trumper, Manuel; Díaz Maureira, Juan (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2012)
      This paper studies the importance of global common factors in the evolution of sovereign credit risk in a group of emerging economies (15 countries in Latin America for which daily data are available on sovereign credit ...
    • Sovereign debt default: Are countries trapped by their own default history? 

      Norambuena Fetis, Vivian (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2015-12)
      Why are sovereign debt defaults so persistent in some EMEs, even at relatively low levels of external debt? The empirical literature has argued that the country s record of defaults is the main determinant of the future ...
    • Sudden stops of capital flows: do foreign assets behave differently from foreign liabilities? 

      Agosín Trumper, Manuel; Díaz Maureira, Juan; Karnani Bhagwan, Mohit (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-06)
      We study the determinants of sudden stops in capital ows to emerging markets. Using gross international asset and liability ows (from the point of view of domestic residents), we identify three types of situations: (1) ...
    • Sudden stops of capital flows: the role of outflows as a mechanism to offset sudden stops of inflows 

      Agosín Trumper, Manuel; Díaz Maureira, Juan; Karnani Bhagwan, Mohit (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      We study the determinants of sudden stops in capital flows to emerging markets. Using gross international asset and liability flows (from the point of view of domestic residents), we identify three types of situations: ...
    • Sustainable Economic Growth: Structural Transformation with Consumption Flexibility 

      López Vega, Ramón; Won Yoon, Sang (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2013)
      The standard theoretical literature has shown that environmental sustainability and positive economic growth are not incompatible as long as environmental policies are optimal. However, in showing this result earlier ...
    • Tamaño de la familia, orden de nacimiento, espacio temporal entre hermanos y logros: evidencia para Chile 

      Sanhueza Riveros, Claudia; Fuentealba, Claudio (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2007)
      Este estudio tiene por objetivo determinar si el tamaño de la familia, el orden de nacimiento y el espacio temporal entre hermanos tienen efecto sobre los logros futuros de los individuos. En orden a abordar el problema ...
    • Technological Innovation and Employment: Complements or Substitutes? 

      Benavente, José Miguel; Lauterbach, Rodolfo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2006)
      In this paper we study the impact of innovation activities on employment. We develop an empirical strategy based on Jaumandreu (2003) whichaccounts for differences between product and process innovations. Using microdata ...
    • The Effects of Dominant Airlines on Open Skies Agreements 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; González Tissinetti, Aldo; García, Manuel (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      We investigate the determinants of open skies agreements among Latin-American countries, focusing on the impact of having a dominant airline on the willingness of countries to sign agreements with others. We find that, ...
    • The effects of the minimum wage on employment and wages 

      Grau Veloso, Nicolás; Miranda, Jorge; Puentes Encina, Esteban (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      The effect of the minimum wage on labor market outcomes is controversial. There are several studies for developed countries with mixed results, but there is a lack of evidence for developing countries. We have access to ...
    • The efficiency case for transit subsidies in the presence of a ‘soft’ budget constraint 

      Gómez-Lobo Echeñique, Andrés (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-07)
      The main contribution of this paper is to discuss the implications of a ‘soft’ budget constraint on optimal transit fares and subsidies. We find that the e↵ect of productive ine"ciencies on optimal fares and subsidy levels ...
    • The emergence of new successful export activities in Latin America: the case of Chile 

      Agosín Trumper, Manuel; Bravo Ortega, Claudio (Inter-American Development Bank, 2009)
      This paper surveys overall export growth in Chile and focuses on three case studies of the emergence of successful export activities in Chile: wine, pork and blueberries. Each case study discusses how companies, associations, ...
    • The Evolution of Opportunities for Children in Chile 1990-2006 

      Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Larrañaga Jiménez, Osvaldo; Puentes Encina, Esteban; Rau Binder, Tomás (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2009)
      In this article we apply some recently developed methodologies (Paes de Barros et al, 2008) to measure the evolution of the inequality of opportunity in Chile in the 1990-2006 period. The opportunities are measured as ...
    • The impact of automation in developed countries 

      Micco Aguayo, Alejandro (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      The digital era is reshaping labor markets. Until now, this has been a developed country type of development. Developing countries, and in particular, Latin American economies are behind in terms of the adoption of ...