Now showing items 235-254 of 277

    • Tamaño de la familia, orden de nacimiento, espacio temporal entre hermanos y logros: evidencia para Chile 

      Sanhueza Riveros, Claudia; Fuentealba, Claudio (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2007)
      Este estudio tiene por objetivo determinar si el tamaño de la familia, el orden de nacimiento y el espacio temporal entre hermanos tienen efecto sobre los logros futuros de los individuos. En orden a abordar el problema ...
    • Technological Innovation and Employment: Complements or Substitutes? 

      Benavente, José Miguel; Lauterbach, Rodolfo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2006)
      In this paper we study the impact of innovation activities on employment. We develop an empirical strategy based on Jaumandreu (2003) whichaccounts for differences between product and process innovations. Using microdata ...
    • The Effects of Dominant Airlines on Open Skies Agreements 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; González Tissinetti, Aldo; García, Manuel (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      We investigate the determinants of open skies agreements among Latin-American countries, focusing on the impact of having a dominant airline on the willingness of countries to sign agreements with others. We find that, ...
    • The effects of the minimum wage on employment and wages 

      Grau Veloso, Nicolás; Miranda, Jorge; Puentes Encina, Esteban (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      The effect of the minimum wage on labor market outcomes is controversial. There are several studies for developed countries with mixed results, but there is a lack of evidence for developing countries. We have access to ...
    • The efficiency case for transit subsidies in the presence of a ‘soft’ budget constraint 

      Gómez-Lobo Echeñique, Andrés (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-07)
      The main contribution of this paper is to discuss the implications of a ‘soft’ budget constraint on optimal transit fares and subsidies. We find that the e↵ect of productive ine"ciencies on optimal fares and subsidy levels ...
    • The emergence of new successful export activities in Latin America: the case of Chile 

      Agosín Trumper, Manuel; Bravo Ortega, Claudio (Inter-American Development Bank, 2009)
      This paper surveys overall export growth in Chile and focuses on three case studies of the emergence of successful export activities in Chile: wine, pork and blueberries. Each case study discusses how companies, associations, ...
    • The Evolution of Opportunities for Children in Chile 1990-2006 

      Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Larrañaga Jiménez, Osvaldo; Puentes Encina, Esteban; Rau Binder, Tomás (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2009)
      In this article we apply some recently developed methodologies (Paes de Barros et al, 2008) to measure the evolution of the inequality of opportunity in Chile in the 1990-2006 period. The opportunities are measured as ...
    • The impact of automation in developed countries 

      Micco Aguayo, Alejandro (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      The digital era is reshaping labor markets. Until now, this has been a developed country type of development. Developing countries, and in particular, Latin American economies are behind in terms of the adoption of ...
    • The impact of commuting time over educational achievement: A machine learning approach 

      Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Hojman Trujillo, Daniel; Matas, Manuel; Rodríguez Perales, Patricio; Suárez, Nicolás (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      Taking advantage of georeferenced data from Chilean students, we estimate the impact of commuting time over academic achievement. As the commuting time is an endogenous variable, we use instrumental variables and fixed ...
    • The impact of extended employment protection laws on the demand for temporary agency workers 

      Micco Aguayo, Alejandro; Muñoz Henríquez, Pablo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      The incidence of alternative work arrangements has risen during recent decades, affecting the shape of the economy and leading to calls for changes in labor regulation. In this paper, we study the demand for temporary ...
    • The impact of licenses on a “late-starter” LDC: Chile in the 1990s 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Crespi, Gustavo; Ramos Quiñones, Joseph (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2002)
      The acquistion of technology through licenses is a potentially important means of accelerating productivity growth, especially in "late starter" developing countries in the throes of "catch up". Yet the literature has ...
    • The Impact of Prison Labor Programs on Recidivism: The Case of Chile 

      Grau Veloso, Nicolás; Gómez Baeza, Francisca (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      We estimate the effect of prison labor programs on recidivism using a nationwide census-based dataset of all prison inmates released in 2010 in Chile and tracked for two years after release. Because participation in ...
    • The Impact of the Seed Capital Program of SERCOTEC in Chile 

      Bonilla Meléndez, Claudio; Cancino del Castillo, Christian (Inter-American Development Bank, 2011-10)
      This paper seeks to measure the impact on small businesses in Chile of the Seed Capital Program implemented by Chile’s Technical Cooperation Services (Servicio de Cooperación Técnica – SERCOTEC). The results are mixed. ...
    • The insurance value of forests in supplying climate regulation 

      Figueroa Benavides, Eugenio; Pasten C., Roberto (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2012)
      This brief paper proposes an analytical method for estimating the economic value of forest ecosystems in supplying climate regulation. If, as argued by several authors, forests ecosystems serve as hedging against climatic ...
    • The labour effect of a Disability Act. Longitudinal evidence from Chile 

      Moyorga Camus, Joaquín (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      In February of 2010 a Law on Equal Opportunities and Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities, the Law N. 20.422, was enacted in Chile. One of the aims of this reform was to improve the labour inclusion for the ...
    • The Place Premium: Wage Differences for Identical Workers across the US Border 

      Clemens, Michael; Montenegro Muñoz, Claudio; Pritchett, Lant (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2010)
      We estimate the “place premium”—the wage gain that accrues to foreign workers who arrive to work in the United States. First, we estimate the predicted, purchasing-power adjusted wages of people inside and outside the ...
    • The return to private education: evidence from school-to-work transitions 

      Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Rodríguez, Jorge; Urzúa, Sergio (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      This paper investigates the labor market returns to high school types. We exploit comprehensive administrative data describing the school-to-work transition for the universe of Chilean students attending tenth grade in ...
    • The role of social networks in employment outcomes of Bolivian women 

      Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Kruger, Diana; Ochoa, Marcelo; Zapata Sapiencia, Daniela (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2007)
      This paper explores the role of social networks in determining labor market participation and salaried employment of Bolivian women and men. We define social networks as the share of neighbors that have jobs, and find ...
    • The Second Welfare Theorem with public goods in general economies 

      Jofré, Alejandro; Rivera Cayupi, Jorge (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2010)
      In this paper we prove a general version of the Second Welfare Theorem for a non-convex and non-transitive economy, with public goods and other externalities in consumption. For this purpose we use the sub-gradient to the ...
    • The tax paradox and weak tax neutrality 

      Gutiérrez C., Pablo; Figueroa Benavides, Eugenio; López Vega, Ramón (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      We introduce the concept of weak tax neutrality which establishes that the relationship between the tax rate and the user cost of capital may be non-monotonic. We show that most existing corporate tax systems allow for ...