Now showing items 262-277 of 277

    • Unable to Shape the Political Arena: The Impact of Poor Quality Employment on Unions in Post-Transition Chile 

      Sehnbruch, Kirsten (Centre For New Development Thinking, 2012)
      This article examines why, after 20 years of government by a centre-left coalition, the political position of unions in Chile has probably weakened. The academic literature has predominantly focused on the political and ...
    • Underemployment and Queues for Full Time Jobs: Evidence from Chile 

      Puentes E, Esteban; González, Alejandro; Jaar Michea, Daniel (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      This article develops a double selection model in order to test whether part-time workers are excluded from full time jobs (underemployed) or choose to put themselves into distinct labour market segments. Results show ...
    • Understanding Tax Evasion Dynamics 

      Engel Goetz, Eduardo; Hines Jr., James R. (National Bureau of Economic Research, 1999)
      Americans who are caught evading taxes in one year may be audited for prior years. While the IRS does not disclose its method of selecting tax returns to audit, it is widely believed that a taxpayer's probability of being ...
    • Unemployment insurance based on individual savings accounts: lessons for other latin american and developing countries from Chile 

      Sehnbruch, Kirsten; Carranza Navarrete, Rafael (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2015-12)
      In recent years, unemployment protection systems based on individual savings have been instituted in several developing countries. Chile was one of the first countries to establish such a system, which at the time was ...
    • Use of Financial Instruments In Rural Thailand 

      Puentes Encina, Esteban (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2011)
      This paper presents a summary of Önancial access in rural Thailand. We Önd that household use an important variety of Önancial instruments and at the same time, there is a lot of heterogeneity at the province level. ...
    • Using benefits and costs estimations to manage conservation: Chile’s protected areas 

      Calfucura, Enrique; Figueroa Benavides, Eugenio (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016-01)
      Despite the relevance of protected areas as biodiversity conservation tools, indicators of cost-benefit analysis of both public and private protected areas has been scarce in the literature. In this paper, we estimate and ...
    • Vertical control in newly regulated economies: lessons from the theory and practice of RPM 

      Paredes Molina, Ricardo (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2002)
      This paper develops conceptual arguments to analyze RPM from the antitrust viewpoint. Through a general model, we conclude that minimum RPM in general would reduce consumer's price. Consequently, it could harm consumers ...
    • Violence during early childhood and child development 

      Berthelon, Matias; Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Kruger, Diana; Palma, María Isidora (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      We study the effects of violence towards children on early childhood cognitive and noncognitive development. We use data from a longitudinal nationally representative survey of Chilean children to generate estimates of ...
    • Voluntary savings, financial behavior and pension finance literacy: evidence from Chile 

      Landerretche Moreno, Óscar; Martínez Alvear, Claudia (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2011)
      Chileans have limited knowledge of the pension system, its rules and the consequences involved in their personal decisions within it. Using a variation in the household composition- having a pensioner in the household- ...
    • Walrasian equilibrium as limit of a competitive equilibrium without divisible goods 

      Florig, Michael; Rivera Cayupi, Jorge (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2015-05)
      We study economies where all commodities are indivisible at the individual level, but perfectly divisible at the aggregate level of the economy. Under the survival assumption, we show that a competitive outcome in the ...
    • Wealth disparities for early childhood anthropometrics and Skills: evidence from chilean longitudinal data 

      Behrman, Jere; Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Palma, Isidora; Puentes Encina, Esteban (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-09)
      We study wealth disparities in the formation of anthropometrics, cognitive skills and socio-emotional skills. We use a sample of preschool and early school children in Chile. We extend the previous literature by using ...
    • What do women want? female suffrage and the size of government 

      Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Eterovic, Nicolás A.; Paredes, Valentina (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2014-03)
      The scanty economic literature has attributed to female voting part of the increase in government expenditure and social government expenditure over the XXth century. This finding results puzzling considering that the ...
    • Why hasn’t inequality changed in Chile since 1990? 

      Larrañaga Jiménez, Osvaldo; Valenzuela, Juan Pablo (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2007)
      This study measures the impact of changes in the income determinants on inequality in the 1990 to 2003 period, in order to answer the question of why income distribution as a whole has not changed. The methodology ...
    • Why Should Emerging-Market Countries (Still) Concern Themselves With Capital Inflows? 

      Agosín Trumper, Manuel; Huaita, Franklin (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2007)
      This paper develops a simple analytic framework to analyze the effects of capital surges and sudden stops in the financial account of the balance of payments in emerging economies. In this model, capital inflows are ...
    • With Additional Enforcement Mechanisms, does Collateral Avoid Ponzi Schemes? 

      Revil, Thiago; Torres Martínez, Juan Pablo (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2008)
      In infinite horizon incomplete market economies, when the seizure of collateral guarantees is the only mechanism enforcing borrowers not to entirely default on their promises, equilibrium exists independently of the ...
    • Yardsticks on the road: regulatory contracts and cost efficiency in the Norweian Bus Industry 

      Morten, Dag; Gómez-Lobo Echeñique, Andrés (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2001)
      In this paper a cost frontier model is estimated for an eleven-year panel of Norwegian bus companies (1136 company-year observations) using the methodology proposed by Battese and Coelli (1995). The main objective of the ...