Nitrofurylsemicarbazone rhenium and ruthenium complexes as anti-trypanosomal agents
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Rhenium and ruthenium complexes of the type [(ReOCl2)-O-V(PPh3)L] and [(RuC2)-C-II(DMSO)(2)L], where L are 5-nitroftitylsemicarbazone derivatives, were prepared in an effort to obtain new anti-trypanosomal agents combining the recognized biological activity of these metals and the trypanocidal activity of the free ligands. Rhenium complexes resulted unstable in aqueous solution not allowing their use as potential drugs. On the other hand, complexation to ruthenium of the bioactive ligands lead to the lack of antiprotozoa activity even though free radical production and redox cycling induction were detected when the compounds were incubated in presence of Trypanosoma cruzi cells. The lack of anti-trypanosomal activity of ruthenium complexes could be explained on the basis of their high protein binding capacity and their high hydrophilicity.