Characterization, phase-solubility, and molecular modeling of inclusion complex of 5-nitroindazole derivative with cyclodextrins
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The slightly water-soluble 5-nitroindazole derivative (5-NI) and its inclusion with either beta-cyclodextrin (beta CD) or Heptakis (2,6-di-O-methyl)-beta- cyclodextrin (DM beta CD) were investigated. The stoichiometric ratios and stability constants describing the extent of formation of the complexes were determined by phase-solubility measurements obtaining type-A(L) diagrams in both cases. According to the continuous variation method (Job's plot) a 1: 1 stoichiometry has been proposed for the complexes. Also electrochemical studies were carried out on both CDs complexes, where the observed change in the E-PC value for DMbCD indicated a lower feasibility of the nitro group reduction. The detailed spatial configuration is proposed based on two-dimensional NMR methods. These results are further interpreted using molecular modeling studies. The latter results are in good agreement with the experimental data.