Spectral and Kinetic Properties of Radical Cations Derived from Oxoisoaporphines: Relevance to Electron-Transfer Processes Involving Phytoalexins
MetadataShow full item record
The thermally induced intermolecular electron transfer reaction in acetonitrile between the tetracyanoethylene (TCNE), a [pi]-electron acceptor with a large electron affinity, and six oxoisoaporphines (2,3-dihydro-7H-dibenzo[de,h]quinolin-7-one, 5-methoxy-2,3-dihydro-7H-dibenzo[de,h]quinolin-7-one, 1-azabenzo[de]anthracen-7-one, 5-methoxy-1-azabenzo[de]anthracen-7-one, 7H-benzo[e]perimidin-7-one, and 2-methyl- 7h-benzo[e]perimidin-7-one) is reported. Spectral and kinetic characteristics are presented for radical cations derived from these six oxoisoaporphines either generated by a thermal reaction or generated radiolytically in argon-saturated 1,2-dichloroethane, oxygen-saturated acetone, and acetonitrile. The radical cations of oxoisoaporphines are insensitive to oxygen and are mostly characterized by absorption maxima of their most intense bands located at [lamda]max = 400-410 nm, except of the radical cations derived from 2,3-dihydrooxoisoaporphines. For the latter compounds, the absorption maxima of the most intense absorption bands are located at [lamda]max = 290-295 nm. Their locations are independent of the presence of functional groups and the solvents used. They are formed in bimolecular processes with pseudo-first-order rate constants ranging from 2.1 x 10 5 to 1.5 x 10 6 s-1 (in solutions containing 10 -4 M of the substrate), depending on the derivative and the solvent used. They are stable either when formed via the electron-transfer reaction with TCNE or when generated in isolation in pulse radiolysis of Ar-saturated 1,2-dichloroethane. In acetone and acetonitrile they decay predominantly by first-order kinetics with the first-order rate constants ranging from 2.3 x 10 4 to 5.1 x 10 4 s-1. Formation of dimeric radical cations for all of the oxoisoaporphines studied was observed in acetonitrile solutions, and for azaoxoisoaporphines also in acetone solutions. The experimental spectra show a reasonably good agreement with the ZINDO/S semiempirical quantum mechanical calculations of radical cation absorptions.
Artículo de publicación ISI