Distinct human T-lymphocyte responses triggered by Porphyromonas gingivalis capsular serotypes
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Aim: Porphyromonas gingivalis can synthesize an extracellular capsule and different serotypes have been described based on capsular antigenicity. On dendritic cells (DCs), the type of capsule present plays a role on the strength of the developed immune response. This study aimed to investigate the T-lymphocyte responses when stimulated with autologous mature DCs exposed to different P. gingivalis K-serotypes. Materials and Methods: Na€ıve CD4+T-lymphocytes were obtained from healthy subjects and stimulated with autologous DCs primed with increasing multiplicity of infections of the different P. gingivalis K-serotypes. The Th1, Th2, Th17 and T-regulatory cytokines and transcription factor levels were quantified. Results: Distinct types of response were detected when T-lymphocytes were stimulated by DCs primed with the different P. gingivalis K-serotypes. T-lymphocytes stimulated by K1 or K2-primed DCs elicited higher levels of Th1 and Th17-associated cytokines, T-bet and RORC2 than T-lymphocytes stimulated with DCs primed with the other serotypes. Conversely, the serotypes K3-K5 induced higher levels of Th2-associated cytokines and GATA-3 than the others. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that DCs primed with the different P. gingivalis K-serotypes elicited distinct T-cell responses. Strains K1 (W83) and K2 (HG184) induced a Th1/Th17 pattern of immune response and K3 (A7A1-28), K4 (ATCC 49417TM), and K5 (HG1690) a Th2 response.
Artículo de publicación ISI
DOI: DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12176