Perfil metabólico de riesgo cardiovascular en niños y adolescentes obesos con menor sensibilidad insulínica
MetadataShow full item record
Background: Infantile obesity is associated with metabolic disturbances (hiperinsulinism, impaired glucose, dislipidemia) that determine a higher risk of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and atherosclerotic vascular disease in adulthood. Insulin resistance is a central mechanism of complications of obesity and is associated to body fat mass. Aim: To investigate insulin sensitivity and its association with anthropometric and metabolic variables in obese children. Patients and methods: We studied 314 children aged 6 to 15 years. Of these, 235 bad a body mass index (BMI) over the 95 percentile for age and sex (classified as obese) and 79 bad a normal body mass index; 161 were pre-pubescent and 153 were pubescent. Weight, height, percentage of total body fat No TBF) using the sum of 4 skinfolds, blood pressure (BP), waist circumference (WC), basal glucose (Glu) and insulin (Ins) were measured. Insulin sensitivity (IS) was calculated with the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and QUICKI index. Serum lipids, postprandial Glu and Ins were measured only in obese children. Results. BMI WC and 916 TBF bad an inverse and significant correlation with basal IS (p < 0.001). Obese children had higher BP basal Ins, and HOMA and a lower QUICKI index, compared to normal weight children. A low basal IS was present in 58% of obese children. Obese children with low IS had higher WC, % TBF triglycerides, totalI/HDL-cholesterol ratio, basal and 2-h post glucose Gli and Ins and lower HDL-cbolesterol than obese children with normal IS, In prepubescent children, the risk. of a low IS was 2.43 times higher with a TBF over 33%. In pubescent children, it was 2.92 times higher with a TBF over 37%. Conclusions: Low IS in prepubescent and pubescent obese children is associated with central obesity and a higher cardiovascular risk.