ERK 1,2 and p38 Pathways are Involved in the Proliferative Stimuli Mediated by Urokinase in Osteoblastic SaOS-2 Cell Line
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Bone metastases from prostate origin generate an osteoblastic reaction that is expressed in vitro by increased osteoblast proliferation. The urokinase-like plasminogen activator (u-PA) present in the media conditioned by tumoral prostatic cells acting as a ligand of the cellular membrane receptor (u-PAR), has been identi®ed as the speci®c factor that modulates this proliferative reaction. The present study represents an effort to unravel the intracellular pathway by which u-PA activates osteoblastic proliferation and to evaluate the role of cellular receptor u-PAR in this proliferative phenomenon. Our results show that in vitro u-PA stimulates proliferation of SaOS-2 osteoblastic cells by activating the MAP kinase route of ERK 1 and 2 and the p38 pathway. These results are in accordance with the inhibition of intermediate activation and cell proliferation by PD 098059 and SB 203580, speci®c inhibitors of MEK and p38, respectively. We also show that SaOS-2 cells increase their proliferative response when cells are plated onto vitronectin, the second natural ligand of u-PAR, and that culturing SaOS-2 cells in the presence of u-PA represents a stimuli for u-PAR expression. On the basis of these results we propose that osteoblastic cells respond to the prostate-derived u-PA stimuli in a very ef®cient manner that includes the utilization of two different signaling routes and the stimulation of the expression of the u-PA receptor.
Artículo de publicación ISI.