Phosphotyrosine phosphatases in GH-stimulated skin fibroblasts from children with idiopathic short stature
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Aim: Some cases of idiopathic short stature (ISS) may be caused by defects in the modulation of the negative feedback regulation of the growth hormone receptor (GHR)/ Janus kinase (JAK)2/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)5 signaling pathway. The cytosolic tyrosine phosphatases, protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1), the later which translocates to the nucleus after activation, interact with JAK2 in a GH-dependent manner. The possible contribution of PTP1B and SHP-1 to GH signaling in fibroblasts from ISS patients has not been studied. Methods: We determined the basal protein content of PTP1B and SHP-1 in the presence of recombinant human GH (rhGH) for 24 h in skin fibroblast cultures, obtained from patients with ISS, and were compared with a normal height control children group. JAK2 activation was determined in both groups. Results: JAK2 activation was delayed in fibroblasts from ISS patients compared to controls. Under basal conditions, the protein content of SHP-1 was lower in ISS, and after incubation with rhGH, it decreased in the non-nuclear and nuclear fraction of controls, but not in ISS patients. The protein content of PTP1B, however, increased in a similar fashion in fibroblasts from both ISS and control children. Conclusion: The delayed activation of JAK2 and the lack of response of SHP-1 after incubation with GH in fibroblasts from ISS patients, suggests that the growth retardation observed in some of these children may be mediated in part by this phosphotyrosine phosphatase.
Artículo de publicación ISI
DOI: DOI 10.1515/jpem-2013-0044