Determination of imidacloprid in water samples via photochemically induced fluorescence and second-order multivariate calibration
MetadataShow full item record
This paper presents a new method for the determination of imidacloprid in water samples; one of the most widely used neonicotinoid pesticides in the farming industry. The method is based on the measurement of excitation-emission spectra of photo-induced fluorescence (PIF-EEMs) associated with second-order multivariate calibration with a parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) and unfolded partial least squares coupled to residual bilinearization (U-PLS/RBL). The second order advantage permitted the determination of imidacloprid in the presence of potential interferences, which also shows photoinduced fluorescence (other pesticides and/or unexpected compounds of the real samples). The photoreaction was performed in 100-mu l disposable micropipettes. As a preliminary step, solid phase extraction on C18 (SPE-C18) was applied to concentrate the analyte and diminish the limit of detection. The LOD was approximately 1 ng mL(-1), which is suitable for detecting imidacloprid in water according to the guidelines established in North America and Europe. The PIF-EEMs coupled to PARAFAC or U-PLS/RBL was successfully applied for the determination of imidacloprid in different real water samples, with an average recovery of 101 +/- 10%.
Artículo de publicación ISI
DOI: DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2014.11.017
Quote ItemTalanta 134 (2015) 8–15
The following license files are associated with this item: