Effect of morphology on the permeability, mechanical and thermal properties of polypropylene/SiO2 nanocomposites
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Spherical silica nanoparticles with 20 and 100 nm diameters and organic-template layered silica nanoparticles synthesized by the sol-gel method were melt blended with a polypropylene (PP) matrix in order to study and quantify their effect on the oxygen and water vapor permeability and mechanical and thermal behavior. With regard to barrier properties, the spherical nanoparticles barely increased the oxygen permeability at lowloads (≤10 wt%);meanwhile the layered nanoparticles dramatically increased it even at low loading (<5 wt%) probably due to the percolation effect. The changes in water vapor permeability were similar to those in oxygen permeability. The repulsive interaction between nanoparticles and PP forms interconnecting voids where the gas permeates. Tensile stress–strain tests showed that the composites present up to a 56% increase in the elastic modulus with spherical nanoparticles at 20 wt%, while layered nanoparticles show a decrease probably due to agglomerations and voids. Thermogravimetric analysis under inert conditions showed that the nanoparticles improved the PP thermal degradation process through the adsorption of volatile compounds on their surface, where the smaller spherical nanoparticles show the greatest stabilization.
Artículo de publicación ISI
DOI: DOI: 10.1002/pi.4909
Quote ItemPolymInt 2015; 64: 1245–1251
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