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Corticosteroids for treatment of sore throat: systematic review and meta analysis of randomised trials

Authordc.contributor.authorSadeghirad, Behnam 
Authordc.contributor.authorSiemieniuk, Reed A. C. 
Authordc.contributor.authorBrignardello Petersen, Romina 
Authordc.contributor.authorPapola, Davide 
Authordc.contributor.authorLytvyn, Lyubov 
Authordc.contributor.authorVandvik, Per Olav 
Authordc.contributor.authorMerglen, Arnaud 
Authordc.contributor.authorGuyatt, Gordon H. 
Authordc.contributor.authorAgoritsas, Thomas 
Admission datedc.date.accessioned2018-06-29T14:46:35Z
Available datedc.date.available2018-06-29T14:46:35Z
Publication datedc.date.issued2017
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationBMJ 2017; 358: j3887es_ES
Identifierdc.identifier.other10.1136/bmj.j3887
Identifierdc.identifier.urihttp://repositorio.uchile.cl/handle/2250/149347
Abstractdc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE To estimate the benefits and harms of using corticosteroids as an adjunct treatment for sore throat. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), trial registries up to May 2017, reference lists of eligible trials, related reviews. STUDY SELECTION Randomised controlled trials of the addition of corticosteroids to standard clinical care for patients aged 5 or older in emergency department and primary care settings with clinical signs of acute tonsillitis, pharyngitis, or the clinical syndrome of sore throat. Trials were included irrespective of language or publication status. REVIEW METHODS Reviewers identified studies, extracted data, and assessed the quality of the evidence, independently and in duplicate. A parallel guideline committee (BMJ Rapid Recommendation) provided input on the design and interpretation of the systematic review, including the selection of outcomes important to patients. Random effects model was used for meta-analyses. Quality of evidence was assessed with the GRADE approach. RESULTS 10 eligible trials enrolled 1426 individuals. Patients who received single low dose corticosteroids (the most common intervention was oral dexamethasone with a maximum dose of 10 mg) were twice as likely to experience pain relief after 24 hours (relative risk 2.2, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 4.3; risk difference 12.4%; moderate quality evidence) and 1.5 times more likely to have no pain at 48 hours (1.5, 1.3 to 1.8; risk difference 18.3%; high quality). The mean time to onset of pain relief in patients treated with corticosteroids was 4.8 hours earlier (95% confidence interval -1.9 to -7.8; moderate quality) and the mean time to complete resolution of pain was 11.1 hours earlier (-0.4 to -21.8; low quality) than in those treated with placebo. The absolute pain reduction at 24 hours (visual analogue scale 0-10) was greater in patients treated with corticosteroids (mean difference 1.3, 95% confidence interval 0.7 to 1.9; moderate quality). Nine of the 10 trials sought information regarding adverse events. Six studies reported no adverse effects, and three studies reported few adverse events, which were mostly complications related to disease, with a similar incidence in both groups. CONCLUSION Single low dose corticosteroids can provide pain relief in patients with sore throat, with no increase in serious adverse effects. Included trials did not assess the potential risks of larger cumulative doses in patients with recurrent episodes of acute sore throat.es_ES
Lenguagedc.language.isoenes_ES
Publisherdc.publisherBMJ Publishing Groupes_ES
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/cl/*
Sourcedc.sourceBMJ British Medical Journales_ES
Títulodc.titleCorticosteroids for treatment of sore throat: systematic review and meta analysis of randomised trialses_ES
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaes_ES
Catalogueruchile.catalogadortjnes_ES
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación ISIes_ES


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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile