Spectrophotometric and electrochemical study of the inclusion complex between β-cyclodextrin and furnidipine
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Inclusion complexation between furnidipine (2,6-dimethyl-4-(2-nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid 3-tetrahydrofurfuryl 5-methyl diester), a calcium-channel antagonist, and beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CyD) was studied in aqueous solution by using both spectrophotometric and electrochemical measurements. The phase solubility profile was classified as A(L)-type, indicating the formation of 1: 1 stoichiometric inclusion complex of furnidipine with beta-CyD. Based on the spectrophotometric absorbance's variations, a formation constant value, K-f, of 156M(-1) was determined. Electrochemical measurements using chronocoulometric experiments were used for the determination of the diffusion coefficients. In absence of beta-CyD, a diffusion coefficient value of 4.32 x 10(-6) cm(2) s(-1) was obtained for furnidipine. The addition of beta-CyD produced a decrease of 30% for the diffusion coefficient. Formation of inclusion complexes of furnidipine with beta-CyD was proved to increase more than three times the solubility of furnidipine.
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