Serpina1 hepatocyte-specific promoter polymorphism associate with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a study of kashmiri ancestry individuals
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Different mutations in coding and non-coding sequences of the SERPINA1 gene have been implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD. However, - 10T/C mutation in the hepatocyte-directed promoter region has not been associated with COPD pathogenesis so far. Here, we report an increased frequency of - 10C genotype that is associated with decreased levels of serum alpha1-antitrypsin (alpha 1AT) in COPD patients. The quantification of serum alpha 1AT was done by ELISA, the phenol-chloroform method was used for DNA extraction, PCR products were directly sequenced. The IBM SPSS Statistics v21 software was used for statistical analyses of the data. The mean serum alpha 1AT level was found to be 1.203+0.239 and 3.162+0.160 g/L in COPD cases and in control, respectively. The - 10C allele is associated with an increased risk of COPD [OR, 3.50 (95%CI, 1.86-6.58); p < 0.001]. The combined variant genotype (TT+CC) was significantly found associated with an increased risk of COPD [OR, 3.20 (95% CI, 1.47-6.96); p = 0.003]. A significant association of the family history with COPD (overall p value= 0.0331) suggests that genetics may play an important role in the pathogenesis of COPD. The polymorphism associated with hepatocyte-specific promoter region (- 10T/C) is likely to be associated with the pathogenesis of COPD. It is quite possible that the change of the base in the hepatocyte-specific promoter of the SERPINA1 gene can modulate its strength, thereby driving the reduced expression of alpha 1AT.
Artículo de publicación ISI
Cita del ítemLung (2018) 196(4):447–454
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