Effect of ketamine on spinal cord nociceptive transmission in normal and monoarthritic rats
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The effects of systemically and intrathecally administered ketamine on spinal wind-up of normal and monoarthritic rats were studied by using C-fiber reflex responses evoked by repetitive (0.6Hz) electric stimulation. Both systemic and intrathecal ketamine induced dose-dependent depression of wind-up activity in normal rats, as revealed by the dose-related inhibitory effects of the drug. At the same intraperitoneal doses, ketamine produced a greater inhibitory effect on windup activity of monoarthritic rats, compared to normal animals. The intrathecal administration of ketamine also produced wind-up inhibition, the efficacy being higher in the monoarthritic rats. Results indicate that ketamine depresses spinal wind-up, specially in rats submitted to chronic pain, probably due to its antagonistic properties on dorsal horn NMDA receptors, which play a crucial role in the maintenance of chronic pain. © 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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