Epigenetic regulation of folate receptor-alpha (FOLR1) in human placenta of preterm newborns
Piñuñuri Flores, Raúl
Castaño Moreno, Erika
Llanos Silva, Miguel
Ronco Macchiavello, Ana María
Cita de ítem
Placenta 94 (2020) 20–25
Introduction: Folates are essential nutrients for fetal development and pregnancy outcomes; they are transported to the fetus during gestation through specific folate transporters located in the placenta. In preterm newborns, we previously showed a lower placental mRNA expression of FOLR1 along with higher folate and lower vitamin B12 cord blood levels. Thereby we aimed to explore FOLR1 methylation in placentas of preterm newborns and hypothesized an increased FOLR1 methylation associated with cord blood folates and vitamin B12 concentrations.
Methods: FOLR1 methylation and mRNA were determined by methylation sensitive-high resolution melting (MS-HRM) and by real-time PCR respectively, in two placental sides of placental tissues: maternal (basal, BP) and fetal plates (chorionic, CP) of moderate preterm infants (32-36 gestational age) and term birth (37-41 gestational weeks). Folates and vitamin B12 were determined by electrochemiluminescence in umbilical cord blood samples from term and preterm newborns.
Results: We found that in preterm newborns, FOLR1 mRNA was lower in both plates of placenta compared with term newborns (p < 0,05) and was negatively associated with methylation of FOLR1 in CP. Preterm newborns presented higher folate and lower vitB12 concentrations in cord blood which correlated with increased placental FOLR1 methylation.
Discussion: In preterm newborns, placental FOLR1 expression is regulated by epigenetic mechanisms and presumably by maternal concentrations of folate and vitamin B12.
omision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT)