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Authordc.contributor.authorHayes, Gavin P. 
Authordc.contributor.authorHerman, Matthew W. es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorBarnhart, William D. es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorFurlong, Kevin P. es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorRiquelme Muñoz, Sebastián es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorBenz, Harley M. es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorBergman, Eric es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorBarrientos, Sergio es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorEarle, Paul S. es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorSamsonov, Sergey es_CL
Admission datedc.date.accessioned2014-12-18T19:30:35Z
Available datedc.date.available2014-12-18T19:30:35Z
Publication datedc.date.issued2014
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citation21 August 2014 | Vol. 512 | Nature | 295en_US
Identifierdc.identifier.otherDOI: 10.1038/nature13677
Identifierdc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.uchile.cl/handle/2250/126687
General notedc.descriptionArtículo de publicación ISIen_US
Abstractdc.description.abstractThe seismic gap theory 1 identifies regions of elevated hazard based on a lack of recent seismicity in comparison with other portions of a fault. It has successfully explained past earthquakes (see, for example, ref. 2) and is useful for qualitatively describing where large earthquakes might occur. A large earthquake had been expected in the subduction zone adjacent to northern Chile3–6, which had not ruptured in a megathrust earthquake since aM 8.8 event in 1877. On 1 April 2014 aM8.2 earthquake occurred within this seismic gap. Here we present an assessment of the seismotectonics of the March– April 2014 Iquique sequence, including analyses of earthquake relocations, momenttensors, finite faultmodels,moment deficit calculations and cumulative Coulomb stress transfer. This ensemble of information allows us to place the sequence within the context of regional seismicity and to identify areas of remaining and/or elevated hazard. Our results constrain the size and spatial extent of rupture, and indicate that thiswas not the earthquake that had been anticipated. Significant sections of the northernChile subduction zone have not ruptured in almost 150 years, so it is likely that future megathrust earthquakes will occur to the south and potentially to the north of the 2014 Iquique sequence.en_US
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshippackage31. National Science Foundation grant EAR-1153317 provided support to K.P.F. and M.W.H. for this research.en_US
Lenguagedc.language.isoenen_US
Publisherdc.publisherMacmillan Publishersen_US
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/cl/*
Títulodc.titleContinuing megathrust earthquake potential in Chile after the 2014 Iquique earthquakeen_US
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaen_US


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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile