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Authordc.contributor.authorPinte, Christophe 
Authordc.contributor.authorDent, William R. F. 
Authordc.contributor.authorMénard, Francois 
Authordc.contributor.authorHales, A. 
Authordc.contributor.authorHill, T. 
Authordc.contributor.authorCortes, P. 
Authordc.contributor.authorDe Gregorio Monsalvo, Itziar 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationThe Astrophysical Journal, 816:25 (12pp), 2016 January 1en_US
Identifierdc.identifier.otherDOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/816/1/25
General notedc.descriptionArtículo de publicación ISIen_US
Abstractdc.description.abstractThe recent ALMA observations of the disk surrounding HL Tau reveal a very complex dust spatial distribution. We present a radiative transfer model accounting for the observed gaps and bright rings as well as radial changes of the emissivity index. We find that the dust density is depleted by at least a factor of 10 in the main gaps compared to the surrounding rings. Ring masses range from 10-100M. in dust, and we find that each of the deepest gaps is consistent with the removal of up to 40M(circle plus) of dust. If this material has accumulated into rocky bodies, these would be close to the point of runaway gas accretion. Our model indicates that the outermost ring is depleted in millimeter grains compared to the central rings. This suggests faster grain growth in the central regions and/or radial migration of the larger grains. The morphology of the gaps observed by ALMA-well separated and showing a high degree of contrast with the bright rings over all azimuths-indicates that the millimeter dust disk is geometrically thin (scale height approximate to 1 AU at 100 AU) and that a large amount of settling of large grains has already occurred. Assuming a standard dust settling model, we find that the observations are consistent with a turbulent viscosity coefficient of a few 10(-4). We estimate the gas/dust ratio in this thin layer to be of the order of 5 if the initial ratio is 100. The HCO+ and CO emission is consistent with gas in Keplerian motion around a 1.7M(circle dot) star at radii from <= 10-120 AU.en_US
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Union Seventh Framework Programme FP7 284405 MICINN (Spain) AYA2011-30228-C03en_US
Publisherdc.publisherIOP Publishingen_US
Type of licensedc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Keywordsdc.subjectProtoplanetary disksen_US
Keywordsdc.subjectRadiative transferen_US
Keywordsdc.subjectStars: formationen_US
Keywordsdc.subjectStars: individual (HL Tau)en_US
Keywordsdc.subjectSubmillimeter: planetary systemsen_US
Keywordsdc.subjectTechniques: interferometricen_US
Títulodc.titleDust and gas in the disk of HL TAURI: surface density, dust settling, and dust-to-gas ratioen_US
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaen_US

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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Chile
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Chile