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Authordc.contributor.authorCeryngier, Piotr 
Authordc.contributor.authorNedved, Oldrich 
Authordc.contributor.authorGrez Villarroel, Audrey 
Authordc.contributor.authorRiddick, Eric W. 
Authordc.contributor.authorRoy, Helen E. 
Authordc.contributor.authorSan Martín, Gilles 
Authordc.contributor.authorSteenberg, Tove 
Authordc.contributor.authorVesely, Petr 
Authordc.contributor.authorZaviezo, Tania 
Authordc.contributor.authorZúñiga Reinoso, Álvaro 
Authordc.contributor.authorHaelewaters, Danny 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationBiol Invasions. (2018) 20:1009–1031es_ES
Abstractdc.description.abstractThe harlequin ladybird Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) has rapidly spread in several continents over the past 30 years and is considered an invasive alien species. The success of H. axyridis as an invader is often attributed to weak control by natural enemies. In this paper, we provide an overview of current knowledge on predators and parasitoids of H. axyridis. The common feature of predators and parasitoids is that they directly kill exploited organisms. Currently available data show that H. axyridis, displaying a variety of chemical, mechanical, and microbiological anti-predator defenses, is usually avoided by predators. However, some birds and invertebrates can eat this ladybird without harmful consequences. The primary defenses of H. axyridis against parasitoids include immune response and physiological and nutritional unsuitability for parasitoid development. These defenses are probably relatively efficient against most ladybird parasitoids, but not against flies of the genus Phalacrotophora. The latter are idiobiont parasitoids and hence can evade the host's immune response. Indeed, rates of parasitism of H. axyridis by Phalacrotophora in the Palaearctic region (both in the native range in Asia and in Europe) are relatively high. While strong evidence for enemy release on the invasive populations of H. axyridis is lacking, several cases of parasitoid acquisition have been recorded in Europe, North America, and South America. We conclude that enemy release cannot be excluded as a possible mechanism contributing to the spread and increase of H. axyridis in the early stages of invasion, but adaptation of parasitoids may lead to novel associations which might offset previous effects of enemy release. However, further work is required to elucidate the population-level effects of such interactions.es_ES
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshipFONDECYT (Chile) 1140662 Natural Environment Research Council NEC04932es_ES
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Sourcedc.sourceBiological Invasionses_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectEnemy acquisitiones_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectEnemy releasees_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectNatural enemieses_ES
Títulodc.titlePredators and parasitoids of the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis, in its native range and invaded areases_ES
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revista
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación ISIes_ES

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile