Show simple item record

Authordc.contributor.authorFuentealba, Magdalena 
Authordc.contributor.authorLatorre, Claudio 
Authordc.contributor.authorFrugone Álvarez, Matías 
Authordc.contributor.authorSarricolea Espinoza, Pablo 
Authordc.contributor.authorGiralt, Santiago 
Authordc.contributor.authorContreras López, Manuel 
Authordc.contributor.authorPrego, Ricardo 
Authordc.contributor.authorBernárdez, Patricia 
Authordc.contributor.authorValero Garcés, Blas 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationScientific Reports 10 (2020):5864es_ES
Abstractdc.description.abstractHuman activities have profoundly altered the global nutrient cycle through Land Use and Cover Changes (LUCCs) since the industrial revolution and especially during the Great Acceleration (1950 CE). Yet, the impact of such activities on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems above their ecological baselines are not well known, especially when considering the response of these systems to the intensity of LUCCs on nutrient cycles. Here, we used a multiproxy approach (sedimentological, geochemical and isotopic analyses, historical records, climate data, and satellite images) to evaluate the role that LUCCs have on Nitrogen (N) cycling in a coastal mediterranean watershed system of central Chile over the last two centuries. Despite long-term anthropogenic use (agriculture, cattle grazing) in the Matanzas watershed- lake system, these LUCC appear to have had little impact on nutrient and organic matter transfer since the Spanish Colonial period. In contrast, the largest changes in N dynamics occurred in the mid-1970s, driven by the replacement of native forests and grasslands by government-subsidized tree plantations of introduced Monterey pine (Pinus radiata) and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus). These LUCC had major impacts on the transfer of organic matter (which increased by 9.4%) and nutrients (as revealed by an increase in total N) to Laguna Matanzas. Our study shows that the presence of anthropogenic land use/cover changes do not necessarily alter nutrient supply and N availability per se but rather it is the magnitude and intensity of such changes that produce major impact on these processes in these mediterranean watersheds.es_ES
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshipComision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT) PIA AFB170008 Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT) CONICYT FONDECYT 1191568 Doctoral grant Becas Chile 21150224 MEDLANT (Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness) CGL2016-76215-R Laboratorio Internacional de Cambio Global (LINCGlobal PUC-CSIC)es_ES
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Sourcedc.sourceScientific Reportses_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectCentral Chilees_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectLaguna Aculeoes_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectSedimentary carbones_ES
Títulodc.titleA combined approach to establishing the timing and magnitude of anthropogenic nutrient alteration in a mediterranean coastal lakewatershed systemes_ES
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaes_ES
dcterms.accessRightsdcterms.accessRightsAcceso Abierto
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación ISI
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación SCOPUS

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile