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Authordc.contributor.authorHuneeus Lagos, Nicolás 
Authordc.contributor.authorvan der Gon, Hugo Denier 
Authordc.contributor.authorCastesana, Paula 
Authordc.contributor.authorMenares, Camila 
Authordc.contributor.authorGranier, Claire 
Authordc.contributor.authorGranier, Louise 
Authordc.contributor.authorAlonso, Marcelo 
Authordc.contributor.authorAndrade, María de Fátima 
Authordc.contributor.authorDawidowski, Laura 
Authordc.contributor.authorGallardo Klenner, Laura 
Authordc.contributor.authorGómez, Dario 
Authordc.contributor.authorKlimont, Zbigniew 
Authordc.contributor.authorJanssens-Maenhout, Greet 
Authordc.contributor.authorOsses, Mauricio 
Authordc.contributor.authorPuliafito, ‪Salvador Enrique 
Authordc.contributor.authorRojas, Néstor 
Authordc.contributor.authorSánchez- Ccoyllo, Odón 
Authordc.contributor.authorTolvett, Sebastián 
Authordc.contributor.authorYnoue, Rita Yuri 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationAtmospheric Environment 235 (2020) 117606es_ES
Abstractdc.description.abstractThe changing composition of the atmosphere, driven by anthropogenic emissions, is the cause of anthropogenic climate change as well as deteriorating air quality. Emission inventories are essential to understand the contribution of various human activities, model and predict the changing atmospheric composition, and design cost-effective mitigation measures. At present, national emission inventories in South America (SA) focus on Greenhouse Gases (GHG) as part of their obligation to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCC) within the framework of their national communications. Emission inventories other than GHG in SA focus mainly on growing urban areas and megacities. Therefore, studies examining air quality at national, regional or continental scales in SA depend on (down-scaled) global emission inventories. This paper examines the emission estimates of air pollutants from various global inventories for five SA countries, namely Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru. A more detailed analysis is conducted for the EDGAR and ECLIPSE emission inventories, in particular comparing local city-scale inventories of a major city in each country. Although total emissions between down-scaled global inventories and local city inventories are often comparable, large discrepancies exist between the sectoral contributions. This is critical, as the mitigation of poor air quality will depend on addressing the right sources. Potential sources of discrepancies between global and local inventories include the spatial distribution proxies, difference in emission factors used and/or the use of generic statistical country data when estimating emissions. This highlights the importance of using local information when generating national emission inventories, especially for air quality modeling and development of effective mitigation measures. This study represents the first step towards an increased understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of emissions information in SA.es_ES
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshipFONDECYT Project of International Networking 150043 Comisión Nacional de Investigación Cientifica y Tecnológica (CONICYT) CONICYT FONDECYT 1150873 1181139 Center for Climate Research and Resilience (CR2) ANID/FONDAP 15110009 European Union (EU) GA 777544 870301 project ANID-PIA-Anillo INACH ACT192057 MAP-AQ ANID/FONDAP 15110009 Fondo para la Investigación Cientifica y Tecnológica PICT 2016-3590 Universidad Nacional Tecnológica de Lima Sur-UNTELS 032-2019-UNTELS project METROCLIMA FAPESP 2016/18438-0 ANPCyT PICT-O 2016-4802es_ES
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Sourcedc.sourceAtmospheric Environmentes_ES
Títulodc.titleEvaluation of anthropogenic air pollutant emission inventories for South America at national and city scalees_ES
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaes_ES
dcterms.accessRightsdcterms.accessRightsAcceso Abierto
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación ISIes_ES

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile