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Authordc.contributor.authorMunizaga, Marcela A. 
Authordc.contributor.authorGschwender Krause, Antonio 
Authordc.contributor.authorGallegos, Néstor 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationTransportation Research Part A 141 (2020) 307–322es_ES
Abstractdc.description.abstractOrigin-Destination matrices obtained from smartcard data are very valuable because they contain vast amounts of information and can be obtained at a very low cost. However, they can only account for trips paid by smartcard. Trips paid by other means, as well as non-paid trips, must be incorporated using additional information. This paper discusses the biases that are introduced due to fare evasion and presents a sequential method to estimate correction factors due to partial evasion in some trip stages, as well as total fare evasion in all trip stages, using external information regarding trips not registered in the smartcard database. We apply this method to the case of Santiago, Chile, where partial evasion (during a bus trip stage prior to a Metro trip stage) and total evasion (during all bus-only trip stages) are relevant fare evasion situations. Information from the Santiago Metro Origin-Destination survey and from external fare evasion measurements is used. The results indicate a 5% partial evasion rate for bus trip stages prior to Metro trip stages, and a 37% total fare evasion rate for bus-only trips. This paper is a contribution towards establishing new methods to feasibly obtain OD matrices through the adequate merging of automatically-collected data with complementary traditional measurements and survey instruments.es_ES
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshipComplex Engineering Systems Institute, Chile (ANID PIA/BASAL GRANT) AFB180003 Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT) CONICYT FONDECYT 1161589es_ES
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Sourcedc.sourceTransportation Research Part Aes_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectFare evasiones_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectOD matriceses_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectPublic transportes_ES
Títulodc.titleFare evasion correction for smartcard-based origin-destination matriceses_ES
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaes_ES
dcterms.accessRightsdcterms.accessRightsAcceso Abierto
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación ISIes_ES

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile