Epidemiología de la pancreatitis aguda en Chile entre los años 2013 y 2018
Csendes Juhasz, Attila
Gaete L., Deycies
Toro P., Javier
Cita de ítem
Rev Med Chile 2021; 149: 961-970
Background: The worldwide incidence of acute pancreatitis (AP) is increasing.
Aim: To determine the national incidence of AP between 2013 and 2018.
Material and Methods: Analysis of hospital discharge records available at the
web page of the Statistical and Information Service of the Chilean Ministry of
Health. We recorded the number of patients discharged with a diagnosis of AP,
excluding chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, between 2013 and 2018.
We also recorded length of hospital stay, age, etiology, and lethality. Rates of raw
and age-adjusted incidence were calculated. Results: During the study period,
46,420 patients with AP were discharged, with an incidence rate ranging between
39 and 43.7/100,000 inhabitants, and a non-significant increase along time of
8.6%. There are important differences between the average adjusted rates of
Northern (Arica to Metropolitan) and Southern regions (O’Higgins to Magallanes),
with rates of 36.9 and 53.6/100,000 inhabitants respectively (p < 0.01).
The average hospital stay was 11 days. Two thirds of cases were aged between
20 and 64 years. The case fatality was 4.2%, with no decrease between 2013 and
2018. The mortality rate was 1.6/100,000 inhabitants. Conclusions: The annual
incidence of AP is 42.6/100,000 inhabitants, with geographical differences from
North to South, which can be associated with the high frequency of biliary tract
disease in aboriginal ethnic groups. The age distribution and length hospital
stay were stable over time.
Soc. Médica Santiago
Type of license
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States