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Authordc.contributor.authorGómez, David Maximiliano 
Authordc.contributor.authorBerent, Iris es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorBenavides Varela, Silvia es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorBion, Ricardo A. H. es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorCattarossi, Luigi es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorNespor, Marina es_CL
Authordc.contributor.authorMehler, Jacques es_CL
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationPNAS | April 22, 2014 | vol. 111 | no. 16 | 5837–5841en_US
Identifierdc.identifier.otherDOI: 10.1073/pnas.1318261111
General notedc.descriptionArtìculo de publicaciòn ISIen_US
Abstractdc.description.abstractThe evolution of human languages is driven both by primitive biases present in the human sensorimotor systems and by cultural transmission among speakers. However, whether the design of the language faculty is further shaped by linguistic biological biases remains controversial. To address this question, we used near-infrared spectroscopy to examine whether the brain activity of neonates is sensitive to a putatively universal phonological constraint. Across languages, syllables like blif are preferred to both lbif and bdif. Newborn infants (2–5 d old) listening to these three types of syllables displayed distinct hemodynamic responses in temporal-perisylvian areas of their left hemisphere. Moreover, the oxyhemoglobin concentration changes elicited by a syllable type mirrored both the degree of its preference across languages and behavioral linguistic preferences documented experimentally in adulthood. These findings suggest that humans possess early, experience-independent, linguistic biases concerning syllable structure that shape language perception and acquisition.en_US
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshipThe research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)/ European Research Council Grant Agreement 269502 (PASCAL) (to J.M.).en_US
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Keywordsdc.subjectHuman newbornsen_US
Títulodc.titleLanguage universals at birthen_US
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revista

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile