Effect of SMA braces in a steel frame building
Pull-back and shaking table test results on a simple model of a three-storey structure thai includes shape memory alloys (SMA) copper-based dampers are presented and discussed. The model corresponds to a rigid-firamed steel structure and the dampers to austenite CuAlBe wires inserted as bracing at each story. The inclusion of the dissipators in the structure increases the percentage of critical damping from 0.59% for the bore case to 5.95% for the braced system. At the same time, the structural stiffness increases making the first fundamental firequency change from 2.5-3.7 Hz (0.4-0.27s). The net effect of these two factors is a 30-60% reduction of peak relative displacements compared to the ones obtained without dissipation devices when the structure is subjected to earthquake records. Depending on records frequency contents, a reduction of the peak accelerations to near 58% also can be obtained. Additionally, a crude nonlinear analytical model has been studied that can predict the earthquake responses reasonably well.
Quote ItemJOURNAL OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING Vol. 11 MAY 2007 3 326-342