Classification of rock lithology by laser range 3D and color images
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The determination of hardness and approximate mineral composition of rocks and classifying these litholo-gies aids in controlling various processes in the plant, such as reducing the grinding process, which accountsfor about 50% of its energy consumption. In this paper, a new method for rock lithological classification ispresented, based on color as well as 3D laser based features. The method uses color and laser range images,acquired from rocks on a conveyor belt, to compute Gabor and LBP (Local Binary Pattern) features. VariousGabor and LBP features are tested, including rotation invariant features. The images are tessellated into sub-images in which the features are computed. The classification is performed in two stages. In the first stage,the sub-images are classified by using a support-vector machine (SVM) classifier. In the second stage, theclassification is improved by a voting process among all the sub-images of each rock. The method was testedon a database with five different rock lithologies taken from a copper mine which has been used in previousstudies, allowing comparison with our new results. The results show that the classification performance wasimproved significantly by adding the 3D laser texture features, and using a combination of rotation invari-ant Gabor and LBP features, achieving a classification accuracy of 99.24% on the database. Using the CMIM(Conditional Mutual Information Maximization) feature selection method showed that only 10% of the totalextracted features are required to achieve the maximum correct classification rate and that using the 3Dlaser features, (for the first time in our rock classification method to the best of our knowledge) is importantfor maintaining high classification performance.
Artículo de publicación SCOPUS
Quote ItemInternational Journal of Mineral Processing 160 (2017) 47–57