Hydroclimatic variability in Santiago (Chile) since the 16th century
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The long-term hydroclimatic variability in Santiago (Chile) was analysed by means of a new 481-year (1536-2016 CE) tree-ring reconstruction of the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) of August, integrating the hydroclimatic conditions during the preceding 14 months. Results show a high frequency of extreme drought events in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, while the frequency of extreme wet events was higher in the 17th-18th centuries. The mid-20th century represents a breaking point for the hydroclimatic history in the region, including some significant changes: (a) the interannual variability increased; (b) the wet events became less intense; (c) the extreme dry events became more frequent; and (d) the most intense dry event of the entire period was identified, coinciding with the so-called Megadrought (2006-2016). A correlation analysis between the reconstructed SPEI and three climate indices (PDO, SOI and Nino3.4) was performed at monthly scale, considering different multi-annual aggregations. The analysis shows diverse impacts on the hydroclimatic variability, with positive correlations between SPEI and PDO as well as Nino3.4, and negative correlations between SPEI and SOI. The most significant correlations were, overall, found at multi-annual time scales (>7 years). Results help to better understand the current hydroclimatic changes (Megadrought) in a long-term context.
"Juan de la Cierva" postdoctoral grant FJCI-2017-31595 Spanish Government CAS/1900020 Fulbright Foundation CAS/1900020 Climatology Group (Catalan Government) 2017SGR1362 CLICES Project CGL2017-83866-C3-2-R Government of Aragon through the "Programme of research groups" H38 National Science Foundation (NSF) NSF - Office of the Director (OD) OISE-1743738 National Science Foundation (NSF) NSF - Directorate for Geosciences (GEO) AGS-1702439 CONICYT PIA of the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity (IEB) AFB170008 CGL2015-69985-R
Artículo de publicación ISI
Quote ItemInt J Climatol. 2020;1–16
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