Expression profiles of the progesterone receptor, cyclooxygenase-2, growth differentiation factor 9, and bone morphogenetic protein 15 transcripts in the canine oviducts during the oestrous cycle
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The oestrous cycle in canines is specifically more extended than that in other mammals. This implies that the oocytes do not reach maturity within the ovarian follicle but undergo final maturation in the oviducts. Besides oocyte maturation, the oviduct provides the necessary milieu for fertilization and preimplantation embryonic development. Consequently, the oviductal environment presumably changes in the postovulatory period and throughout the entire reproductive cycle to provide a suitable condition for supporting different functions. In this study, we evaluated the gene expression of different genes associated with oocyte-embryo development, such as progesterone receptor, cyclooxygenase-2, growth differentiation factor 9, and bone morphogenetic protein 15 in the canine oviductal cells at different phases of the oestrous cycle. Using quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis in bitch oviductal cells, this study revealed the ovarian cycle's influence on the oviductal essential transcripts in the bitch. It also assessed the influence of the ovulated cumulus-oocytes complexes on the expression of GDF-9 and BMP-15 genes. Thus, the oestrous-cycle-dependent gene expression pattern of PR, COX-2, GDF-9, BMP-15 in the canine oviduct was found to execute the oviductal cell interactions necessary for the development and function of the canine reproductive tract. The gene expression in the canine oviduct, where oocyte maturation, fertilization, and early embryonic development occur, is still elusive. This study determined the oviductal expression of (PR), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF-9), and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP-15) during the canine oestrous cycle. Samples were collected from bitches at anoestrus (9), proestrus (7), oestrus (8), and dioestrus (11), after routine ovariohysterectomy and the ovarian surface structures and plasma progesterone concentration evaluated the physiological status of each donor. The oviductal cells were isolated and pooled. Total RNA was isolated, and gene expression was assessed by qPCR followed by analysis using the t-test and ANOVA. The PR mRNA increased (P < 0.05) from the anoestrus to dioestrus with the plasma progesterone concentration (r = 0.8). COX-2 mRNA expression was low in the anoestrus and proestrus, and negligible in the oestrus, while it was around 10-fold higher (P < 0.05) in the dioestrus. The GDF-9 mRNA was expressed during all phases of the oestrous cycle and was most abundant (P < 0.05) during oestrus phase. The BMP-15 mRNA decreased (P < 0.05) in the anoestrus and proestrus phases. Thus, the transcripts were differentially expressed in a stage-dependent manner, suggesting the importance of oestrous cycle regulation for successful reproduction in dogs.
Artículo de publicación ISI
Quote ItemAnimals 2021, 11, 454
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