Now showing items 1-10 of 10

    • Agreements between Industry and Academia on Publication Rights: A Retrospective Study of Protocols and Publications of Randomized Clinical Trials 

      Kasenda, Benjamín; von Elm, Erik; You, John J.; Bluemle, Anette; Tomonaga, Yuki; Saccilotto, Ramón; Amstutz, Alain; Bengough, Theresa; Meerpohl, Joerg J.; Stegert, Mihaela; Olu, Kelechi K.; Tikkinen, Kari; Neumann, Ignacio; Carrasco Labra, Raúl; Faulhaber, Markus; Mulla, Sohail M.; Mertz, Dominik; Akl, Elie A.; Bassler, Dirk; Busse, Jason W.; Ferreira González, Ignacio; Lamontagne, Francois; Nordmann, Alain; Gloy, Viktoria; Raatz, Heike; Moja, Lorenzo; Ebrahim, Shanil; Schandelmaier, Stefan; Sun, Xin; Vandvik, Per O.; Johnston, Bradley C.; Walter, Martín A.; Burnand, Bernard; Schwenkglenks, Matthias; Hemkens, Lars G.; Bucher, Heiner C.; Guyatt, Gordon H.; Briel, Matthias (Public Library Science, 2016)
      Background Little is known about publication agreements between industry and academic investigators in trial protocols and the consistency of these agreements with corresponding statements in publications. We aimed to ...
    • Authors seldom report the most patient-important outcomes and absolute effect measures in systematic review abstracts 

      Agarwal, Arnav; Johnston, Bradley C.; Vernooij, Robin W.M.; Carrasco Labra, Alonso; Brignardello Petersen, Romina; Neumann, Ignacio; Akl, Elie A; Sun, Xin; Briel, Matthias; Busse, Jason W.; Ebrahim, Shanil; Granados, Carlos E.; Iorio, Alfonso; Irfan, Affan; Martínez G (Elsevier USA, 2017)
      © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Objectives Explicit reporting of absolute measures is important to ensure treatment effects are correctly interpreted. We examined the extent to which authors report absolute effects for patient-important ...
    • Microbial preparations (probiotics) for the prevention of Clostridium difficile infection in adults and children: an individual patient data meta-analysis of 6,851 participants 

      Johnston, Bradley C.; Lytvyn, Lyubov; Calvin, Ka-Fung Lo; Allen, Stephen; Wang, Duolao; Szajewska, Hania; Miller, Mark; Ehrhardt, Stephan; Sampalis, John; Duman, Deniz; Pozzoni, Pietro; Colli, Agostino; Lonnermark, Elisabet; Selinger, Christian; Wong, Samford; Plummer, Susan; Hickson, Mary; Pancheva, Ruzha; Hirsch Birn, Sandra; Klarin, Bengt; Goldenberg, Joshua; Wang, Li; Mbuagbaw, Lawrence; Foster, Gary; Maw, Anna; Sadeghirad, Behnam; Thabane, Lehana; Mertz, Dominik (Cambridge University Press, 2018-07)
      OBJECTIVE. To determine whether probiotic prophylaxes reduce the odds of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in adults and children. DESIGN. Individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis of randomized controlled ...
    • Minimally important difference estimates and methods: a protocol 

      Johnston, Bradley C.; Ebrahim, Shanil; Carrasco Labra, Alonso; Furukawa, Toshi A.; Patrick, Donald L.; Crawford, Mark W.; Hemmelgarn, Brenda R.; Schunemann, Holger J.; Guyatt, Gordon H.; Nesrallah, Gihad (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015)
      Introduction Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are often the outcomes of greatest importance to patients. The minimally important difference (MID) provides a measure of the smallest change in the PRO that patients perceive ...
    • Minimally important differences in patient or proxy-reported outcome studies relevant to children: A systematic review 

      Ebrahim, Shanil; Vercammen, Kelsey; Sivanand, Arunima; Guyatt, Gordon H.; Carrasco Labra, Alonso; Fernandes, Ricardo M.; Crawford, Mark W.; Nesrallah, Gihad; Johnston, Bradley C. (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2017)
      Copyright © 2017 by the American Academyof Pediatrics. All rights reserved. CONTEXT: No study has characterized and appraised all anchor-based minimally important differences (MIDs) associated with patient-reported outcome ...
    • Premature Discontinuation of Randomized Trials in Critical and Emergency Care: A Retrospective Cohort Study 

      Schandelmaier, Stefan; Elm, Erik von; You, John J.; Bluemle, Anette; Tomonaga, Yuki; Lamontagne, Francois; Saccilotto, Ramón; Amstutz, Alain; Bengough, Theresa; Meerpohl, Joerg J.; Stegert, Mihaela; Olu, Kelechi K.; Tikkinen, Kari A. O.; Neumann, Ignacio; Carrasco Labra, Alonso; Faulhaber, Markus; Mulla, Sohail M.; Mertz, Dominik; Akl, Elie A.; Sun, Xin; Bassler, Dirk; Busse, Jason W.; Ferreira González, Ignacio; Nordmann, Alain; Gloy, Viktoria; Raatz, Heike; Moja, Lorenzo; Rosenthal, Rachel; Ebrahim, Shanil; Vandvik, Per O.; Johnston, Bradley C.; Walter, Martin A.; Burnand, Bernard; Schwenkglenks, Matthias; Hemkens, Lars G.; Cook, Deborah J.; Meade, Maureen O.; Bucher, Heiner C.; Kasenda, Benjamin; Briel, Matthias (Lippicott Williams & Wilkins, 2016)
      Objectives: Randomized clinical trials that enroll patients in critical or emergency care (acute care) setting are challenging because of narrow time windows for recruitment and the inability of many patients to provide ...
    • Prevalence, Characteristics, and Publication of Discontinued Randomized Trials 

      Kasenda, Benjamin; Von Elm, Erik; You, John; Blümle, Anette; Tomonaga, Yuki; Saccilotto, Ramón; Amstutz, Alain; Bengough, Theresa; Meerpohl, Joerg J.; Stegert, Mihaela; Tikkinen, Kari A. O.; Neumann, Ignacio; Carrasco Labra, Alonso; Faulhaber, Markus; Mulla, Sohail M.; Mertz, Dominik; Akl, Elie A.; Bassler, Dirk; Busse, Jason W.; Ferreira González, Ignacio; Lamontagne, Francois; Nordmann, Alain; Gloy, Viktoria; Raatz, Heike; Moja, Lorenzo; Rosenthal, Rachel; Ebrahim, Shanil; Schandelmaier, Stefan; Xin, Sun; Vandvik, Per O.; Johnston, Bradley C.; Walter, Martin A.; Burnand, Bernard; Schwenkglenks, Matthias; Hemkens, Lars G.; Bucher, Heiner C.; Guyatt, Gordon H.; Briel, Matthias (American Medical Association., 2014)
      IMPORTANCE The discontinuation of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) raises ethical concerns and often wastes scarce research resources. The epidemiology of discontinued RCTs, however, remains unclear. OBJECTIVES To ...
    • Reporting missing participant data in randomised trials: systematic survey of the methodological literature and a proposed guide 

      Akl, Elie A; Shawwa, Khaled; Kahale, Lara A.; Agoritsas, Thomas; Brignardello Petersen, Romina; Busse, Jason W.; Carrasco Labra, Alonso; Ebrahim, Shanil; Johnston, Bradley C.; Neumann, Ignacio; Solà, Iván; Sun, Xin; Vandvik, Per; Zhang, Yuqing; Alonso Coello, Pablo; Guyatt, Gordon H. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015)
      Objectives We conducted a systematic survey of the methodological literature to identify recommended approaches for how and what randomised clinical trial (RCT) authors should report on missing participant data and, on the ...
    • Reporting, handling and assessing the risk of bias associated with missing participant data in systematic reviews: a methodological survey 

      Akl, Elie A.; Carrasco Labra, Alonso; Brignardello Petersen, Romina; Neumann, Ignacio; Johnston, Bradley C.; Sun, Xin; Briel, Matthias; Busse, Jason W.; Ebrahim, Shanil; Granados, Carlos E.; Iorio, Alfonso; Irfan, Affan; Martínez García, Laura; Mustafa, Reem A.; Ramírez Morera, Anggie; Selva, Anna; Solà, Iván; Sanabria, Andrea Juliana; Tikkinen, Kari A. O.; Vandvik, Per O.; Vernooij, Robin W. M.; Zazueta, Oscar E.; Zhou, Qi; Guyatt, Gordon H.; Alonso Coello, Pablo (BMJ, 2015)
      Objectives: To describe how systematic reviewers are reporting missing data for dichotomous outcomes, handling them in the analysis and assessing the risk of associated bias. Methods: We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane ...
    • Using decision thresholds for ranking treatments in network meta-analysis results in more informative rankings 

      Brignardello Petersen, Romina; Johnston, Bradley C.; Jadad, Alejandro; Tomlinson, George (Elsevier, 2018)
      Objectives: To evaluate how the rank probabilities obtained from network meta -analysis (NMA) change with the use of increasingly stringent criteria for the relative effect comparing two treatments which ranks one treatment ...