• External sources of technological innovation in chilean manufacturing industry 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía, 2001-06)
      There are several arguments in the literature regarding that more open economies would grow faster in the long term. Nevertheless, the channels through which openness increases growth have not been clearly identified in ...
    • External sources of technological innovation in chilean manufacturing industry 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2001-06)
      There are several arguments in the literature regarding that more open economies would grow faster in the long term. Nevertheless, the channels through which openness increases growth have not been clearly identified in ...
    • Financial development, exporting and firm heterogeneity in Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; López, Ricardo A. (Kiel Institute, 2012-11-24)
      Using plant-level data from the manufacturing sector of Chile for the period 1990–2000, this paper examines the effect of financial development on the probability of exporting at the plant level, with a special focus on ...
    • Foreign Technology Acquisition and Changes in the Real Exchange Rate 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (John Wiley, 2015)
      This paper uses plant-level data from the manufacturing sector of Chile to investigate how changes in the real exchange rate affect the decision to purchase foreign technologies through licensing. Theoretically, a real ...
    • Impacto de los obstáculos al conocimiento en la innovación de las empresas chilenas 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Canales, Mario (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-09)
      La mayoría de la literatura previa sobre obstáculos a la innovación se ha centrado en el impacto de las restricciones financieras. En este trabajo, utilizando la 8va Encuesta de Innovación en Chile, se analiza ...
    • Impacto de los Obstáculos al Conocimiento en la Innovación de las Empresas Chilenas 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Canales, Mario (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      La mayoría de la literatura previa sobre obstáculos a la innovación se ha centrado en el impacto de las restricciones financieras. En este trabajo, utilizando la 8va Encuesta de Innovación en Chile, se analiza el efecto ...
    • La innovación de productos contribuye a elevar la productividad de firmas chilenas 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Navarro, Lucas (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
    • Innovation and entrepreneurship in Latin America: What do we know? What would we like to know? 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Grazzi, Matteo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      The long-run economic performance of Latin America has been unsatisfactory especially in comparison with other emerging economies, which have been able to “catch up” with developed countries. The historically low innovation ...
    • Innovation and Productivity in Services: Evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Zahler, Andrés (Taylor & Francis, 2015)
      We analyze empirically the firm-level relationship between innovation and productivity in the Chilean service sector using the manufacturing sector as a benchmark. We find that manufacturing and service industries have ...
    • Is Exporting a Source of Productivity Spillovers? 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; López, Ricardo A. (SPRINGER, 2008-12)
      This paper investigates whether exporting generates positive productivity spillover effects on other plants in the same industry and on plants in vertically related industries. Using data for Chilean manufacturing plants ...
    • Multinationals and plant exit: evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Görg, Holger (Elsevier, 2009)
      This paper investigates three main questions: are affiliates of foreign multinationals more likely to exit than domestic firms? Does the exit probability of multinationals depend on its export orientation?, and Does the ...
    • Natural Resources and Education: Evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Vergara Dominguez, Damian (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      This paper empirically addresses the relationship between natural resource abundance and educational attainment. Using information for Chilean municipalities between 2000 and 2013, we exploit aggregate changes in natural ...
    • Product Mix Changes and Performance in Chilean Plants 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Navarro, Lucas (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2012)
      A recent theoretical literature has given relevance to the study of the relationship between product mix changes and firm productivity. In this paper, taking advantage of a rich dataset for manufacturing plants in Chile ...
    • Productividad y apertura en Chile: 15 años mas tarde 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Fuentes, Rodrigo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1999)
      Este trabajo analiza la evolución de la productividad al nivel de las firmas en la industria manufacturera chilena para el período posterior a la reforma comercial (1979-1994). Usando fronteras estocásticas de producción ...
    • Productividad, Innovación y Exportaciones en la Industria Manufacturera Chilena 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; García, Álvaro (Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2010)
      En este trabajo se estudia la relación entre exportaciones, productividad e innovación tecnológica. En primer lugar, se analiza la relación de causalidad entre desempeño exportador y productividad de las firmas. La evidencia, ...
    • Productivity and Innovation: The Chilean case 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Navarro, Lucas (Naciones Unidas, 2011)
      This paper studies the relationships between investment in research and development (r&d), innovation and productivity in the Chilean manufacturing industry using data from four waves of the national Technological ...
    • Skill upgrading and the real exchange rate 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; López, Ricardo A. (John Wiley, 2009)
      This paper examines the effect of changes in the real exchange rate on skill upgrading in the case of Chile. Using plant‐level data from the manufacturing sector, we find that a real depreciation increases the share of ...
    • The Effects of Dominant Airlines on Open Skies Agreements 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; González Tissinetti, Aldo; García, Manuel (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      We investigate the determinants of open skies agreements among Latin-American countries, focusing on the impact of having a dominant airline on the willingness of countries to sign agreements with others. We find that, ...
    • The impact of licenses on a “late-starter” LDC: Chile in the 1990s 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Crespi, Gustavo; Ramos Quiñones, Joseph (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2002)
      The acquistion of technology through licenses is a potentially important means of accelerating productivity growth, especially in "late starter" developing countries in the throes of "catch up". Yet the literature has ...
    • The Impact of R&D and ICT Investment on Innovation and Productivity in Chilean Firms 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      This paper examines the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) and research and development (R&D) investment on innovation and productivity in Chilean firms, in particular those in the services industry. ...