Now showing items 21-40 of 48

    • Exporter performance and promotion instruments: chilean empirical evidence 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Crespi, Gustavo (Universidad de Chile. Departamento de Economía, 2000-12)
      During recent decades, the good performance of the export sector has been one of the main sources of fast economic growth in the Chilean economy. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of some public promotion instruments ...
    • Exporting and performance: evidence from Chilean plants 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; López, Ricardo A. (UNIV TORONTO PRESS INC, 2005-11)
      Recent empirical evidence documents the superior characteristics of exporters relative to non-exporters. Three explanations for this phenomenon have been proposed: self-selection; learning-by-exporting; and conscious ...
    • External sources of technological innovation in chilean manufacturing industry 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía, 2001-06)
      There are several arguments in the literature regarding that more open economies would grow faster in the long term. Nevertheless, the channels through which openness increases growth have not been clearly identified in ...
    • External sources of technological innovation in chilean manufacturing industry 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2001-06)
      There are several arguments in the literature regarding that more open economies would grow faster in the long term. Nevertheless, the channels through which openness increases growth have not been clearly identified in ...
    • Financial development, exporting and firm heterogeneity in Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; López, Ricardo A. (Kiel Institute, 2012-11-24)
      Using plant-level data from the manufacturing sector of Chile for the period 1990–2000, this paper examines the effect of financial development on the probability of exporting at the plant level, with a special focus on ...
    • Foreign Technology Acquisition and Changes in the Real Exchange Rate 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (John Wiley, 2015)
      This paper uses plant-level data from the manufacturing sector of Chile to investigate how changes in the real exchange rate affect the decision to purchase foreign technologies through licensing. Theoretically, a real ...
    • Heterogeneous effects of financial constraints on innovation: Evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Crespi, Gustavo (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      In this paper we study the effect of financial constraints on innovation using data from a 2007 survey of more than 10,000 Chilean firms. In contrast with other surveys, this dataset allows for the construction of a direct ...
    • Household debt during the financial crisis: micro-evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Opazo, Luis (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2013-04)
      We examine evidence from a 2006 to 2009 data panel to explore how Chilean households were affected by the negative income shock observed during the recent financial crisis. Our results show that there is a negative and ...
    • Impacto de los obstáculos al conocimiento en la innovación de las empresas chilenas 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Canales, Mario (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-09)
      La mayoría de la literatura previa sobre obstáculos a la innovación se ha centrado en el impacto de las restricciones financieras. En este trabajo, utilizando la 8va Encuesta de Innovación en Chile, se analiza ...
    • Impacto de los Obstáculos al Conocimiento en la Innovación de las Empresas Chilenas 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Canales, Mario (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
      La mayoría de la literatura previa sobre obstáculos a la innovación se ha centrado en el impacto de las restricciones financieras. En este trabajo, utilizando la 8va Encuesta de Innovación en Chile, se analiza el efecto ...
    • La innovación de productos contribuye a elevar la productividad de firmas chilenas 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Navarro, Lucas (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017)
    • Innovation and entrepreneurship in Latin America: What do we know? What would we like to know? 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Grazzi, Matteo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      The long-run economic performance of Latin America has been unsatisfactory especially in comparison with other emerging economies, which have been able to “catch up” with developed countries. The historically low innovation ...
    • Innovation and productivity in services: evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Zahler, Andrés; Bravo Ortega, Claudio (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2013-10)
      This paper analyzes empirically the relationship between innovation and productivity in the Chilean services sector. Consistent with recent evidence on developed countries, we find that services firms are as innovative ...
    • Innovation and Productivity in Services: Evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Zahler, Andrés (Taylor & Francis, 2015)
      We analyze empirically the firm-level relationship between innovation and productivity in the Chilean service sector using the manufacturing sector as a benchmark. We find that manufacturing and service industries have ...
    • Is Exporting a Source of Productivity Spillovers? 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; López, Ricardo A. (SPRINGER, 2008-12)
      This paper investigates whether exporting generates positive productivity spillover effects on other plants in the same industry and on plants in vertically related industries. Using data for Chilean manufacturing plants ...
    • Minimum wage and productivity: Evidence from Chilean manufacturing plants 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Fuentes, Rodrigo (University of Chicago, 2018)
      This paper analyzes the effects of the minimum wage on a firm's productivity. The main hypothesis is that an increase in the minimum wage has a negative effect on total factor productivity (TFP) due to the existence of ...
    • Multinationals and plant exit: evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Görg, Holger (Elsevier, 2009)
      This paper investigates three main questions: are affiliates of foreign multinationals more likely to exit than domestic firms? Does the exit probability of multinationals depend on its export orientation?, and Does the ...
    • Natural Resources and Education: Evidence from Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Vergara Dominguez, Damian (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      This paper empirically addresses the relationship between natural resource abundance and educational attainment. Using information for Chilean municipalities between 2000 and 2013, we exploit aggregate changes in natural ...
    • Product Mix Changes and Performance in Chilean Plants 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Navarro, Lucas (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2012)
      A recent theoretical literature has given relevance to the study of the relationship between product mix changes and firm productivity. In this paper, taking advantage of a rich dataset for manufacturing plants in Chile ...
    • Productividad y apertura en Chile: 15 años mas tarde 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Fuentes, Rodrigo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1999)
      Este trabajo analiza la evolución de la productividad al nivel de las firmas en la industria manufacturera chilena para el período posterior a la reforma comercial (1979-1994). Usando fronteras estocásticas de producción ...