Mostrando registros 1-20 de 1142

    • Productivity, factor accumulation and economic policy: the case of Korea and Singapore 

      Fuentes, Rodrigo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1993)
      This paper adressess growth measurement within the traditional growth accounting framework, by relating growth in labor productivity and growth in total factor productivity (TFP) to economic policies. Additionally, the ...
    • The political economy of structural adjusment 

      Sapelli, Claudio (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1993)
      This paper provides a model of utility maximizing governments to explain when and why countries adopt or discontinue a structural adjustment program (SAP), in an attempt to stabilize and liberalize their economies. Assuming ...
    • Family firms in Ibero-America: an introduction 

      Parada, María José; Müller Valenzuela, Claudio; Gimeno, Alberto (Emerald, 2016)
      Purpose - This paper highlights the importance of understanding family firms in different contexts. The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the characteristics and behavior of family firms in Ibero-America, and their ...
    • The whole is greater than the sum of its parts: complementary reforms to address microeconomic distortions 

      Bergoeing Vela, Raphael; Loayza, Norman; Piguillem, Facundo (Oxford University Press, 2016)
      This paper links microeconomic rigidities and technological adoption to propose a partial explanation for the observed differences in income per capita across countries. The paper first presents a neoclassical general ...
    • Chile´s economic perfomance in the 20th Century, a comparative perspective 

      Hofman, André A. (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1993)
      This article aims to assess Chile’s economic performance in the 20th century in a comparative perspective. The casual analysis of economic performance is conducted at two levels, “ultimate” and “proximate”. Ultimate causes ...
    • Macroeconomic influences on female labor force participation: the Latin American evidence 

      Cox, Alejandra; Roberts, Judith (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1993)
      Female labor force participation has increased significantly in Latin America during the last two decades, a period which was also characterized by large fluctuations in aggregate economic activity. The particular question ...
    • Trade orientation measurement and consequences 

      Wolf, Holger C. (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1993)
      New trade theory and endogenous growth models have revived the debate on the static and dynamic implications of trade orientation. Alas, a decade of models has produced more ambiguity than clarity, placing a premium on ...
    • The role of total productivity on Economic Growth 

      Elías, Victor (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1993)
      This paper aims at assessing the importance of total factor productivity (TFP) on economic growth and at “explaining” TFP growth. The contribution share of TFP growth to GDP growth will be estimated for 96 countries in the ...
    • Growth issues in developing countries: an overview 

      Fuentes, Rodrigo; Sturzenegger, Federico (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1993)
      This brief overview highlights some of the most relevant aspects addressed in the different papers, concerning a wide range of countries in the world, in this especial issue devoted to economic growth.\nAll papers have a ...
    • Heterogeneity and Output Fluctuations in a Dynamic Menu-Cost Economy 

      Caballero, Ricardo; Engel, Eduardo (Oxford University Press, 1993)
      When firms face menu costs, the relation between their output and money is highly nonlinear. At the aggregate level, however, this needs not be so. In this paper we study the dynamic behavior of a general equilibrium ...
    • Microeconomic Adjustment Hazards and Aggregate Dynamics 

      Caballero, Ricardo; Engel, Eduardo (JSTOR, 1993)
      The basic premise of this paper is that understanding aggregate dynamics requires considering that agents are heterogeneous and that they do not adjust continuously to the shocks they perceive. We provide a general ...
    • Microeconomic rigidities and aggregate price dynamics 

      Caballero, Ricardo; Engel, Eduardo (Elsevier, 1993)
      This paper is an attempt to enrich the characterization of the sluggish behavior of the aggregate price level. Our contribution to this vast literature is to explicitly consider microeconomic heterogeneity and its ...
    • Dynamic (S; s) Economies”, (with R. Caballero), 

      Caballero, Ricardo J.; Engel, Eduardo (The Econometric Society, 1991)
      In this paper we provide a framework to study the aggregate dynamic behavior of an economy where individual units follow (S, s) policies. We characterize structural and stochastic heterogeneities that ensure convergence ...
    • The Chilean Plebiscite: Projections Without Historic Data 

      Engel, Eduardo; Venetoulias, Achilles (JSTOR, 1992)
      On October 5, 1988, Chileans decided by plebiscite to oust General Pinochet from power and have free presidential elections in 1989. This article describes the projections that the authors made for the results of the ...
    • Segregación residencial de ingresos en el Gran Santiago, 1992-2002: una estimación robusta 

      Agostini, Claudio A.; Hojman Trujillo, Daniel; Román, Alonso; Valenzuela, Luis (Pontificia Univ Católica de Chile, 2016)
      El desarrollo económico de Chile en las últimas décadas ha impactado fuertemente el crecimiento de las ciudades y la forma en que las desigualdades sociales se reflejan espacialmente en ellas. Medir con precisión la ...
    • La relación precio-costo marginal en el caso de los factores inferiores: Un análisis intuitivo 

      Marfán, Octavio (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1992)
      Los factores inferiores se definen como aquellos en que, ceteris paribus, su utilización varía inversamente con el nivel de producción. Por ejemplo, casos en los que determinadas maquinarias o ciertos tipos de mano de obra ...
    • ¿Una generación perdida? Por qué el desarrollo latinoamericano depende del crecimiento, venciendo el problema de la transferencia inversa de la deuda 

      Reynolds, Clark (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1990)
      El desarrollo latinoamericano en las dos últimas décadas ha estado sujeto a un “problema de transferencia en dos fases”, que ha significado un ciclo de distorsiones, tanto en los flujos reales como financieros entre la ...
    • Diferenciales de salario interindustriales en la economía chilena: 1969,1978,1987 

      Romaguera, Pilar; Paredes Molina, Ricardo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1990)
      Este estudio realiza una estimación empírica sobre la existencia de diferenciales de salarios interindustriales en la economía chilena, basada en información sobre el Gran Santiago para los años 1969, 1978 y 1987. La ...
    • Consumo y retornos accionarios en un modelo dinámico simple de equilibrio general: evidencia empírica para Chile 

      Garrido, José; Sanhueza, Gonzalo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1990)
      El objetivo de este trabajo es someter la ecuación fundamental del modelo dinámico simple de equilibrio general a una prueba empírica usando información anual de la economía chilena y obtener estimaciones de dos parámetros ...
    • Aplicaciones del análisis del tipo de cambio real 

      Harberger, Arnold (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 1990)
      Este artículo presenta un enfoque para analizar variaciones en el tipo de cambio real. En él se mencionan tres definiciones del tipo de cambio real y las complejas fuerzas que lo hacen variar. Usando datos de las Estadísticas ...