Recent Submissions

  • Automation, labor markets, and trade 

    Micco Aguayo, Alejandro (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    Digital technologies, robotics, and artificial intelligence substitute tasks performed by labor are bringing back old fears about the impact of technology on labor markets and international trade. The aim of this paper ...
  • Do LPG prices react to the entry of natural gas? implications for competition policy 

    González Tissinetti, Aldo; Lagos, Vicente (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    In developing countries, the penetration of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is still high, and hence the entry of Natural Gas (NG) networks coexists with the use of LPG by an important fraction of households. Thus, a ...
  • Does facial structure explain differences in students evaluations of teaching? the role of perceived dominance 

    Paredes Haz, Valentina; Pino Emhart, Francisco; Díaz, David (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    Dominance is usually viewed as a positive male attribute, but this is not typically the case for women. Using a novel dataset of teacher evaluations in a school of Business and Economics of a selective university, we ...
  • The impact of automation in developed countries 

    Micco Aguayo, Alejandro (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    The digital era is reshaping labor markets. Until now, this has been a developed country type of development. Developing countries, and in particular, Latin American economies are behind in terms of the adoption of ...
  • The return to private education: evidence from school-to-work transitions 

    Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Rodríguez, Jorge; Urzúa, Sergio (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    This paper investigates the labor market returns to high school types. We exploit comprehensive administrative data describing the school-to-work transition for the universe of Chilean students attending tenth grade in ...
  • The tax paradox and weak tax neutrality 

    Gutiérrez C., Pablo; Figueroa Benavides, Eugenio; López Vega, Ramón (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    We introduce the concept of weak tax neutrality which establishes that the relationship between the tax rate and the user cost of capital may be non-monotonic. We show that most existing corporate tax systems allow for ...
  • Juvenile incarceration and adult recidivism 

    Cortés, Tomás; Grau Veloso, Nicolás; Rivera Cayupi, Jorge (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    Although there is debate about whether juvenile incarceration deters future crime, it is a common practice worldwide. We contribute to this debate by using Chilean data to assess the causal impact of different types of ...
  • To pill or not to pill? access to emergency contraception and contraceptive behaviour 

    Nuevo-Chiquero, Ana; Pino Emhart, Francisco (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    We examine the effects of free-of-charge availability of emergency contraception on contraceptive behaviour in Chile. Using a survey of individuals 15 to 29, we exploit variation in availability at the municipality level ...
  • The labour effect of a Disability Act. Longitudinal evidence from Chile 

    Moyorga Camus, Joaquín (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    In February of 2010 a Law on Equal Opportunities and Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities, the Law N. 20.422, was enacted in Chile. One of the aims of this reform was to improve the labour inclusion for the ...
  • Síntesis de teorías sobre la internacionalización de empresas: estudio en base a empresas de países desarrollados y emergentes 

    Spencer Ruff, Erich (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
    En el mundo actual las empresas pueden expandir sus acciones fuera de su país de origen con gran facilidad. La globalización permite a los emprendedores, por pequeños que sean, llevar su negocio a cualquier parte del ...
  • Power in economics: growth, inequality and politics 

    López Vega, Ramón (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
    We study the economy-wide implications of economic power. We examine the distribution of bargaining power between the owners of capital (“the capitalists”) and the owners of human capital (“the workers”) and its effects ...
  • Input-Output table and Carbon Footprint: Estimation and Structural Decomposition Analysis 

    Accorsi Opazo, Simón; López Vega, Ramón; Sturla Zerene, Gino Stefano (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
    En este artículo comparamos dos metodologías para medir y asignar entre sectores productivos la huella de carbono para el caso chileno (2008-2013): la metodología de Balance Energético (BE), tradicionalmente utilizada ...
  • To Pill or not to Pill? Access to Emergency Contraception and Contraceptive Behaviour 

    Nuevo-Chiquero, Ana; Pino Emhart, Francisco (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
    We examine the effects of free-of-charge availability of emergency contraception on contraceptive behaviour in Chile. Using a survey of individuals 15 to 29, we exploit variation in availability at the municipality level ...
  • Sequential equilibrium in incomplete markets with long-term debt 

    Jaar Michea, Daniel (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
    This paper proves equilibrium existence in an incomplete market sequential economy with finitely-lived debt contracts. Introducing credit constraints limiting agents’ access to liquidity, we show that a competitive ...
  • From Income Poverty to Multidimensional Poverty: An International Comparison 

    Burchi, Francesco; Rippin, Nicole; Montenegro Muñoz, Claudio (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
    The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development clearly recognizes that poverty is more than just the lack of a sufficient amount of income. However, some scholars argue that an income-based measure of poverty ...
  • The impact of commuting time over educational achievement: A machine learning approach 

    Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Hojman Trujillo, Daniel; Matas, Manuel; Rodríguez Perales, Patricio; Suárez, Nicolás (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
    Taking advantage of georeferenced data from Chilean students, we estimate the impact of commuting time over academic achievement. As the commuting time is an endogenous variable, we use instrumental variables and fixed ...
  • Fundamentos de economía para la empresa 

    Yáñez Henríquez, José (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2008)
    El objetivo del presente trabajo es escribir un documento cuyo contenido se refiere a los fundamentos de la economía. Fue especialmente preparado para ser utilizado en un curso de introducción a la economía de mercado, ...
  • Impuestos al comercio exterior 

    Yáñez Henríquez, José (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2007)
    El objetivo de este documento docente es analizar los efectos económicos de la aplicación de un arancel desde la perspectiva de las finanzas públicas, en conjunto con otros instrumentos de la política fiscal como son los ...
  • Productivity in emerging market economies: slowdown or stagnation? 

    De Gregorio, José (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
    This paper analyzes productivity growth trends in emerging-market economies vis-à-vis advanced economies, both in the recent global productivity slowdown and from a long-term perspective. While income has converged in ...
  • Innovación tecnológica en Chile dónde estamos y qué se puede hacer 

    Benavente, José Miguel (Banco Central de Chile, 2005)
    Este trabajo es el resultado de un esfuerzo orientado a caracterizar la situación de Chile en los aspectos científico-tecnológicos desde un prisma económico. Del análisis realizado se desprende que, considerando el nivel ...

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