Now showing items 49-68 of 632

    • Bacteriophages in the control of pathogenic vibrios 

      Plaza, Nicolás; Castillo, Daniel; Pérez Reytor, Diliana; Higuera Guajardo, Gastón; García, Katherine; Bastias, Roberto (Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, 2018)
      Vibrios are common inhabitants of marine and estuarine environments. Some of them can be pathogenic to humans and/or marine animals using a broad repertory of virulence factors. Lately, several reports have indicated that ...
    • Bariatric surgery decreases carotid intima-media thickness in obese subjects 

      García, Gonzalo; Bunout Barnett, Daniel; Mella, Javiera; Quiroga, Erik; Maza Cave, María Pía de la; Cavada Chacón, Gabriel; Hirsch Birn, Sandra (Aula Medica Ediciones, 2013-07)
      Background: Obesity has long been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of substantial weight loss induced by bariatric surgery on carotid intima ...
    • Beginning and maintain of the romantic relationships in chileans elderly 

      Aranguiz, Julieta; Fagerstrom, Cristhel; Lopez, Mauricio; Albala Brevis, Cecilia (Wiley, 2017)
    • Behaviour change for better health: nutrition, hygiene and sustainability 

      Newson, Rachel S.; Lion, Rene; Crawford, Robert J.; Curtis, Valerie; Elmadfa, Ibrahim; Feunekes, Gerda; Hicks, Cheryl; Liere, Marti van; Lowe, C. Fergus; Meijer, Gert W.; Pradeep, B. V.; Reddy, K. Srinath; Sidibe, Myriam; Uauy Dagach-Imbarack, Ricardo (BioMed Central, 2013)
      As the global population grows there is a clear challenge to address the needs of consumers, without depleting natural resources and whilst helping to improve nutrition and hygiene to reduce the growth of noncommunicabl ...
    • beta(2)-Adrenoceptor stimulation restores frontal cortex plasticity and improves visuospatial performance in hidden-prenatally-malnourished young-adult rats 

      Sáez Briones, Patricio; Soto Moyano, Rubén; Burgos, Héctor; Castillo, Amparo; Valladares Boasi, Luis; Morgan Sabat, Carlos; Pérez, Hernán; Barra, Rafael; Constandil, Luis; Laurido, Claudio; Hernández, Alejandro (Elsevier, 2015)
      Moderate reduction in dietary protein composition of pregnant rats from 25% to 8% casein, calorically compensated by carbohydrates, has been described as a ‘‘hidden malnutrition’’ because it does not alter body and brain ...
    • Beyond recommendations: Implementing food-based dietary guidelines for healthier populations 

      Smitasiri, Suttilak; Uauy Dagach-Imbarack, Ricardo (2007)
      To reduce the increased burden of diet-related disease and promote human potential through food and nutrition globally, harmonization of efforts is urgently needed. This article examines the concept of food-based dietary ...
    • Bioavailability of elemental iron powder in white wheat bread 

      Walter, Tomas; Pizarro Aguirre, Fernando; Abrams, Steven A.; Boy, Erick (NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2004-03)
      Objective: Iron fortification of wheat flour is widely used. In most cases, elemental iron powders are utilized as fortificants due to their lower cost and few, if any, sensory problems. However, their bioavailability is ...
    • Bioavailability of Stabilised Ferrous Gluconate with Glycine in Fresh Cheese Matrix: a Novel Iron Compound for Food Fortification 

      Pizarro Aguirre, Fernando; Boccio, José; Salgueiro, María; Olivares Grohnert, Manuel; Carmuega, Esteban; Weill, Ricardo; Marque, Sebastien; Frereux, Marine; Noirt, Florence (Springer, 2013)
      Iron fortification of foods continues to be one of the preferred ways of improving the iron status of the population. Dairy product is a common product in the diet; therefore, it is a plausible vehicle for iron ...
    • Body mass index, iron absorption and iron status in childbearing age women 

      Mujica Coopman, María; Brito, Alex; López de Romaña, Daniel; Pizarro Aguirre, Fernando; Olivares Grohnert, Manuel (Elsevier, 2015)
      Background: The prevalence of obesity has increased at an alarming rate worldwide. Some studies have observed an association between iron (Fe) deficiency (ID) and obesity, however more research is needed. Objective: To ...
    • Boldine and its antioxidant or health-promoting properties 

      O'Brien, Peter; Carrasco Pozo, Catalina; Speisky Cosoy, Hernán (ELSEVIER, 2006-01-05)
      The increasing recognition of the participation of free radical-mediated oxidative events in the initiation and/or progression of cardiovascular, tumoural, inflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders, has given rise to ...
    • BONE EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX STIMULATES INVASIVENESS OF ESTROGEN-RESPONSIVE HUMAN MAMMARY MCF-7 CELLS 

      Martínez Winkler, Jorge; Fuentes, Mauricio; Cambiazo Ayala, Liliana; Santibáñez, J. Francisco (WILEY-LISS, DIV JOHN WILEY & SONS INC, 1999-10-08)
      Bone is the most frequent site of metastasis in breast cancer. This causes destructive osteolytic lesions. To achieve metastasis to bone, breast cancer cells must proliferate in a new microenvironment, arrest on ...
    • Bone Mass Gain from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood in Chilean Birth Cohort: Association with Nutritional, Biological and Environmental Factors 

      Burrows, Raquel; Correa Burrows, María Paulina; Guichapani, C. G.; Blanco, Estela; Gahagan, S. (Karger, 2016)
    • Bone metabolism in children with epidermolysis bullosa 

      Reyes, M. Loreto; Cattani, Andreina; Gajardo, Héctor; García, Cristián; McGrath, John A.; Palisson, Francis (Mosby Elsevier, 2002)
      We evaluated bone mineral density, vitamin D status, and biochemical markers of bone turnover in seven children with epidermolysis bullosa (EB). Four had osteopenia (Z score, -1.5) and four 25(OH) vitamin D <34 nmol/L ...
    • Bone mineralization in adolescents suffering from postnatal malnutrition 

      Muzzo Benavides, Juan Santiago; Leiva Balich, Laura; Lillo Ganter, Ricardo; Pumarino Carte, Hugo; Ernst, Renata; Burrows Argote, Raquel (1995)
      Bone mineralization of adolescents that suffered of early postnatal u n d ern u tritio n . The bone mineralization o f 6 male and 18 female adolescents with a mean age o f 12 years and 11 months, who had suffered severe, ...
    • Brain development and scholastic achievement in the Education Quality Measurement System tests in Chilean school-aged children 

      Ivanovic Marincovich, Daniza; Ibaceta, Camila V.; Correa, Paulina B.; Orellana Zapata, Yasna; Calderón, Patricio M.; Morales, Gladys I.; Leyton Dinamarca, Bárbara; Almagià, Atilio F.; Lizana, Pablo A.; Burrows, Raquel (International Pediatric Research Foundation, 2014)
      Background: Head circumference (HC), the anthropometric index of both brain development and nutritional background, has been described to be significantly associated with scholastic achievement (SA). The aim of this ...
    • Breast bud detection: a validation study in the Chilean Growth Obesity Cohort Study 

      Pereira Scalabrino, Ana; Garmendia Miguel, María Luisa; Araya González, Daniela; Kain Berkovic, Juliana; Mericq, Verónica; Uauy Dagach-Imbarack, Ricardo; Corvalán Aguilar, Camila (BioMed Central, 2014)
      Background: Early puberty onset has been related to future chronic disease; however breast bud assessment in large scale population studies is difficult because it requires trained personnel. Thus our aim is to assess the ...
    • Breast-feeding and mental and motor development at 5 1/2 years 

      Clark, Katy M.; Castillo, Marcela; Calatroni, Agustín; Walter, Tomas; Cayazzo, Marisol; Pino Zúñiga, Paulina; Lozoff, Betsy (ALLIANCE COMMUNICATIONS GROUP DIVISION ALLEN PRESS, 2006-04)
      Objective: Breast-feeding is associated with better child development outcomes, but uncertainty remains primarily due to the close relationship between breast-feeding and socioeconomic status. This study assesses the issue ...
    • Breastfeeding, gross motor development and obesity, is there any causal association? 

      Weisstaub Nuta, Sergio; Schonhaut B., Luisa; Salazar Rodríguez, Gabriela (Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría, 2017)
      Childhood obesity is the main nutritional and public health problem in Chile, being the principal causes, the increase in energy dense foods and the decline of physical activity. Interventions to prevent obesity at infancy ...
    • Breeding in peach, cherry and plum: from a tissue culture, genetic, transcriptomic and genomic perspective 

      Carrasco, Basilio; Meisel, Lee; Gebauer, Marlene; García González, Rolando; Silva Ascencio, Herman (2013)
      This review is an overview of traditional and modern breeding methodologies being used to develop new Prunus cultivars (stone fruits) with major emphasis on peach, sweet cherry and Japanese plum. To this end, common ...
    • Brown Rot Strikes Prunus Fruit: An Ancient Fight Almost Always Lost 

      Oliveira Lino, Leandro; Pacheco Cruz, Igor; Mercier, Vincent; Faoro, Franco; Bassi, Daniele; Bornard, Isabelle; Quilot-Turion, Benedicte (Amer Chemical Society, 2016)
      Brown rot (BR) caused by Monilinia spp., has been an economic problem for the stone fruit market due to dramatic losses, mainly during the postharvest period. There is much literature about basic aspects of Monilinia spp. ...