Voltammetric behavior and analytical applications of lomefloxacin, an antibacterial fluorquinolone
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Lomefloxacin was reduced on a dropping mercury electrode, producing one or more peaks, depending on the pH of the aqueous medium. Coulometric measurements gave an experimental value of 1 electron for the main peak. Electrolysis was followed by UV spectrophotometry and liquid chromatography (LC), showing that a new band at 413 nm appeared for the electrolysis product in an acidic medium. Furthermore, by using UV spectrophotometry, an apparent pKa value of 6.75 +/- 0.05 was obtained for lomefloxacin corresponding to the carboxyl moiety in the 8-position. For analytical studies, the differential pulse polarographic mode in 0.1 N HCl was selected. The repeatability and reproducibility of the method were adequate (coefficient of variation [CV], 0.51 %), The calibration curve method was used for the lomefloxacin concentration range of 7.0 x 10(-6) to 7.0 x 10(-5)M. The detection and quantitation limits were 1.0 x 10(-6) and 6.9 x 10(-6)M, respectively. For purposes of comparison, both UV spectrophotometric and LC (with UV and fluorimetric detection) methods were developed. The polarographic method showed good selectivity with respect to both excipients and degradation products, The recovery study showed a CV of <2% and an average recovery of 99.5% and it was not necessary to treat the sample before analysis, The method was applied to the determination of the uniformity content of lomefloxacin commercial tablets, The polarographic method was also successfully applied to the quantitation of lomefloxacin in urine, and the renal excretion profile was also determined.