EVOLUTION OF LEAD CONCENTRATION IN THE PARTICULATE MATTER OF SANTIAGO, CHILE, SINCE 1978
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Santiago is a city of over 4.5 million inhabitants and about 415000 motor vehicles using leaded gasoline. Twenty-four-hour samples were taken of total and fractionated particulate matter using a low-volume system and two Andersen cascade impactors, between 1978 and 1989 at different sites of the city of Santiago. Lead concentrations were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The results show that Pb concentrations vary greatly depending on the site selected. Higher values are always detected near the city center. An annual variation with the highest value during the autumn-winter period (May-July) is clearly observed. Lead concentrations versus size are clearly biased to particles smaller than 2 mum. A correlation is observed between Pb concentrations and the suspended particulate matter under 3 mum at different sites of the city. The curves of Pb concentration versus size of the aerosols emitted by the gas exhaust of motor vehicles using leaded gasoline are similar to those of the atmospheric aerosols.
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