Prostate-Derived Soluble Factors Block Osteoblast Differentiation in Culture
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Bone metastasis is a common event and a major cause of morbidity in prostate cancer patients. After colonization of bone, prostate cells induce an osteoblastic reaction which is not associated with marrow fibrosis (i.e., osteoblast but not fibroblast proliferation). In the present study we test the hypothesis that the tumoral prostatic cell line (PC-3) secretes factors that block the osteoblast differentiation process, resulting in an increase of the relative size of the proliferative cell pool. Our results, using fetal rat calvaria cells in culture, show that conditioned medium from PC-3 cells (PC-3 CM) stimulates osteoblast proliferation and inhibits both alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity (an early differentiation marker) and the mineralization process, measured as calcium accumulation (late differentiation marker). The inhibition of the expression of AP and mineralization depends on the presence of PC-3 CM during the proliferative phase of culture and suggests that both processes occur in a nonsimultaneous fashion. The inhibitory effect of PC-3 CM was not reverted by dexamethasone, which would indicate that prostatic-derived factors and the glucocorticoid do not share a common site of action. Measurement of the proliferative capacity of subcultures from control and treated cells demonstrates that PC-3 CM treatment induces the maintenance of the proliferative potential that characterizes undifferentiated precursor cells.
Artículo de publicación ISI
DOI: DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4644(19960401)61:1<18::AID-JCB3>3.0.CO;2-5