Effects of decreasing levels of n amendments on organic "granny smith" apple trees
von Bennewitz, E.
Cooper Cortés, Tomás
Carrasco Benavides, M.
Cita de ítem
Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 2015, 15 (4), 979-990
Artículo de publicación ISI
The effect of decreasing levels of organic N-fertilization on fruit production, mineral composition and fruit quality was evaluated in organically cultivated "Granny Smith" apples trees. Treatments included the application of decreasing levels of N fertilization (100 kg N ha(-1), 75 kg N ha(-1), 50 kg N ha(-1) and 0 kg N ha(-1)) applied as fossilized red guano (50% of the total amount of N) and blood meal (50% of the total amount of N) to twelve years old Granny Smith apple trees. Yield was not affected by the treatments (yield ranged from 0.28 to 0.4 kg cm(-2) SCSA). Fruit mineral concentration and ratios were not affected by treatments. Fruits showed low Ca concentrations (2.8 to 3.3 mg Ca 100 g(-1) FW), high levels of K (118.6 to 130.1 mg K 100 g(-1) FW) and high values for K+Mg/Ca (> 12) and K/Ca (> 30) ratios. Mineral concentration on leaves was not affected by treatments (normal concentrations for macro and microelements). Bitter pit was only detected after 60 days of storage (100 kg N ha(-1) tree, 1.1 in a scale 1-4). Besides orchard nitrogen management, fruit mineral ratios and Ca foliar applications should be considered for managing fruit production and quality in organic apples.