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Carotenoid Distribution in Nature

Authordc.contributor.authorAlcaíno Gorman, Jennifer 
Authordc.contributor.authorBaeza Cancino, Marcelo 
Authordc.contributor.authorCifuentes Guzmán, Víctor 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationEn: Stange, Claudia (ed.). Carotenoids in Nature. Biosynthesis, Regulation and Function. Switzerland: Springer, 2016. pp 3-33es_ES
Abstractdc.description.abstractCarotenoids are naturally occurring red, orange and yellow pigments that are synthesized by plants and some microorganisms and fulfill many important physiological functions. This chapter describes the distribution of carotenoid in microorganisms, including bacteria, archaea, microalgae, filamentous fungi and yeasts. We will also focus on their functional aspects and applications, such as their nutritional value, their benefits for human and animal health and their potential protection against free radicals. The central metabolic pathway leading to the synthesis of carotenoids is described as the three following principal steps: (i) the synthesis of isopentenyl pyrophosphate and the formation of dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, (ii) the synthesis of geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate and (iii) the synthesis of carotenoids per se, highlighting the differences that have been found in several carotenogenic organisms and providing an evolutionary perspective. Finally, as an example, the synthesis of the xanthophyll astaxanthin is discussed.es_ES
Seriedc.relation.ispartofseriesSubcellular Biochemistry;79
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Keywordsdc.subjectMicrobial carotenoidses_ES
Títulodc.titleCarotenoid Distribution in Naturees_ES
Document typedc.typeCapítulo de libroes_ES

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile