Spiral arms in the protoplanetary disc HD100453 detected with ALMA: evidence for binary-disc interaction and a vertical temperature gradient
Rosotti, G. P.
Dullemond, C. P.
Klaassen, P. D.
Cita de ítem
MNRAS 000, 1–15 (2019)
Scattered light high-resolution imaging of the protoplanetary disc orbiting HD100453 shows two symmetric spiral arms, possibly launched by an external stellar companion. In this paper, we present new, sensitive high-resolution (similar to 30 mas) Band 7 ALMA observations of this source. This is the first source where we find counterparts in the sub-mm continuum to both scattered light spirals. The CO J = 3-2 emission line also shows two spiral arms; in this case, they can be traced over a more extended radial range, indicating that the southern spiral arm connects to the companion position. This is clear evidence that the companion is responsible for launching the spirals. The pitch angle of the submillimetre continuum spirals (similar to 6 degrees) is lower than the one in scattered light (similar to 16 degrees). We show that hydrodynamical simulations of binary-disc interaction can account for the difference in pitch angle only if one takes into account that the mid-plane is colder than the upper layers of the disc, as expected for the case of externally irradiated discs.
DISCSIM project - European Research Council under ERC-2013-ADG
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)
BEIS capital funding via STFC capital grants
BEIS capital funding via STFC operations grant
French National Research Agency (ANR)
European Union (EU)
Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) TOP-1 grant as part of the research programme 'Herbig Ae/Be stars, Rosetta stones for understanding the formation of planetary systems'
ETH Zurich Postdoctoral Fellowship Program