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Authordc.contributor.authorDomenico Fritz, Francesco 
Authordc.contributor.authorFazel, Seena 
Authordc.contributor.authorBenavides Salcedo, Andrés 
Authordc.contributor.authorHenry, Paulette 
Authordc.contributor.authorRivera Arroyo, Guillermo 
Authordc.contributor.authorTorales, Julio 
Authordc.contributor.authorTrujillo Orrego, Natalia 
Authordc.contributor.authorVásquez, Freddy 
Authordc.contributor.authorMundt, Adrián P. 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology (May, 2020)es_ES
Abstractdc.description.abstractPurpose Although suicide rates of prison populations and incidence factors have been reported for high-income countries, data from low- and middle-income regions are lacking. The purpose of the study was to estimate suicide rates among prison populations in South America, to examine prison-related factors, and to compare suicide rates between prison and general populations. Methods In this observational study, we collected the numbers of suicides in prison, rates of prison occupancy, and incarceration rates from primary sources in South America between 2000 and 2017. We compared suicide rates among prisoners with incidence rates in the general populations by calculating incidence rate ratios. We assessed the effect of gender, year, incarceration rates and occupancy on suicide rates in the prison populations using regression analyses. Results There were 1324 suicides reported during 4,437,591 person years of imprisonment between 2000 and 2017 in 10 South American countries. The mean suicide rate was 40 (95% CI 16-65) per 100,000 person years for male and female genders combined. The pooled incidence rate ratio of suicide between prison and general populations was 3.9 (95% CI 3.1-5.1) for both genders combined, 2.4 (95% CI 1.9-3.1) for men and a higher ratio in women (13.5, 95% CI 6.9-26.9). High occupancies of prisons were associated with lower incidence of suicide (beta = - 58, 95% CI - 108.5 to - 7.1). Conclusions Suicides during imprisonment in South America are an important public health problem. Suicide prevention strategies need to target prison populations.es_ES
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshipWellcome Trust 202836/Z/16/Z Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, Ministry of Education, Republic of Chile [FONDECYT] 1190613es_ES
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Sourcedc.sourceSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiologyes_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectSouth Americaes_ES
Títulodc.title1324 prison suicides in 10 countries in South America: incidence, relative risks, and ecological factorses_ES
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaes_ES
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación ISIes_ES

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile