Validity assessment of the single-point insulin sensitivity estimator (spise) for diagnosis of cardiometabolic risk in post-pubertal hispanic adolescents
Insulin measurements are not advised for cardiometabolic risk screening in large groups. Here we assessed the accuracy of the single-point insulin sensitivity estimator (SPISE) to diagnose cardiometabolic risk in Chilean adolescents. In 678 post-pubertal adolescents (52% males, M(SD) age=16.8 (0.2) years), height, weight, waist circumference, blood lipids, glucose, insulin, and blood pressure were measured. BMI, HOMA-IR, and SPISE were estimated; HOMA-IR values >= 2.6 were considered insulin resistance (IR). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined with the joint IDF/AHA/NHBLI standard. Using receiver operating characteristic curves, we obtained optimal SPISE cutpoints for IR and MetS diagnosis. The prevalence of MetS and IR was 8.2% and 17.1%, respectively. In males, the optimal cutoff for MetS diagnosis was 5.0 (sensitivity: 97%; specificity: 82%), and the optimal cutoff for IR diagnosis was 5.9 (sensitivity: 71%; specificity: 83%). In females, a SPISE of 6.0 had the highest sensitivity (90%) and specificity (74%) for MetS diagnosis. A SPISE of 6.4 was the optimal cutoff for IR diagnosis; however, sensitivity and specificity were 61% and 75%. In males and female post-pubertal adolescents, SPISE had a very good and good diagnostic performance, respectively, in predicting MetS. It was an accurate diagnostic tool for IR prediction in males, but not necessarily in females.
United States Department of Health & Human Services National Institutes of Health (NIH) - USA NIH National Heart Lung & Blood Institute (NHLBI) HL088530
Artículo de publicación ISI
Quote ItemScientific Reports (2020) 10:14399
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