2-hydroxyoestradiol and 2-methoxyoestradiol, two endogenous oestradiol metabolites, induce DNA fragmentation in Sertoli cells
Elevated intratesticular levels of hydroxyoestradiols and methoxyoestradiols, two classes of endogenous oestradiol metabolites, have been associated with male infertility. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of 2-hydroxyoestradiol (2OHE2), 4-hydroxyoestradiol (4OHE2), 2-methoxyoestradiol (2ME2) and 4-methoxyoestradiol (4ME2) on Sertoli cell viability. For this, TM4 cells were incubated with different concentrations of these metabolites for 24 h to then evaluate the viability and DNA integrity by MTS and TUNEL assay respectively. The participation of classical oestrogen receptors and the involvement of oxidative stress and apoptotic mechanisms were also evaluated co-incubating TM4 cells with these estradiol metabolites and with the drugs ICI182780, N-acetylcysteine and Z-VAD-FMK respectively. Only high concentrations of 2OHE2 and 2ME2 decreased cell viability inducing DNA fragmentation. In addition, ICI182780 did not block the effect of 2OHE2 and 2ME2, while N-Acetylcysteine and Z-VAD-FMK only blocked the effect of 2OHE2. Moreover, 2OHE2 but not 2ME2 induced PARP and caspase-3 cleavage. Finally, lower 2OHE2 and 2ME2 concentrations (0.01–0.1–1.0 lmol l 1) decreased Sertoli cell viability 48 h post-treatment. Our results support the hypothesis that elevated intratesticular 2OHE2 or 2ME2 concentrations could be related to male infertility since 2OHE2 by apoptosis and 2ME2 by undetermined mechanisms induce DNA fragmentation in Sertoli cells.
This study was funded by CONICYT/FONDECYT from Chilean Government, grant numbers: 11110457 and 1120176, Program U-apoya University of Chile and Proyectos basales and vicerrectoria de investigacion, desarrollo e innovacion, Universidad de Santiago de Chile.
DOI: doi: 10.1111/and.12576
Quote ItemAndrologia 2016, xx, 1–13
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