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Authordc.contributor.authorGuerra Gil, Ernesto Eduardo
Authordc.contributor.authorBernotat, Jasmin
Authordc.contributor.authorCarvacho, Héctor
Authordc.contributor.authorBohner, Gerd
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Psychology June 2021 | Volume 12 | Article 589429es_ES
Abstractdc.description.abstractImmediate contextual information and world knowledge allow comprehenders to anticipate incoming language in real time. The cognitive mechanisms that underlie such behavior are, however, still only partially understood. We examined the novel idea that gender attitudes may influence how people make predictions during sentence processing. To this end, we conducted an eye-tracking experiment where participants listened to passive-voice sentences expressing gender-stereotypical actions (e.g., "The wood is being painted by the florist") while observing displays containing both female and male characters representing gender-stereotypical professions (e.g., florists, soldiers). In addition, we assessed participants' explicit gender-related attitudes to explore whether they might predict potential effects of gender-stereotypical information on anticipatory eye movements. The observed gaze pattern reflected that participants used gendered information to predict who was agent of the action. These effects were larger for female- vs. male-stereotypical contextual information but were not related to participants' gender-related attitudes. Our results showed that predictive language processing can be moderated by gender stereotypes, and that anticipation is stronger for female (vs. male) depicted characters. Further research should test the direct relation between gender-stereotypical sentence processing and implicit gender attitudes. These findings contribute to both social psychology and psycholinguistics research, as they extend our understanding of stereotype processing in multimodal contexts and regarding the role of attitudes (on top of world knowledge) in language prediction.es_ES
Patrocinadordc.description.sponsorshipCentre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies ANID/FONDAP/15130009 Interdisciplinary Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Studies ANID/FONDAP/15110006 ANID/PIA/Basal Funds for Centers of Excellence FB0003 ANID/FONDECYT 11161074 11171074es_ES
Publisherdc.publisherFrontiers Mediaes_ES
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Sourcedc.sourceFrontiers in Psychologyes_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectGender stereotypeses_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectLanguage comprehensiones_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectAnticipatory eye movementses_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectExplicit beliefses_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectEye trackinges_ES
Títulodc.titleLadies first: gender stereotypes drive anticipatory eye-movements during incremental sentence interpretationes_ES
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaes_ES
dc.description.versiondc.description.versionVersión publicada - versión final del editores_ES
dcterms.accessRightsdcterms.accessRightsAcceso abiertoes_ES
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publícación WoSes_ES

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States