Ladies first: gender stereotypes drive anticipatory eye-movements during incremental sentence interpretation
Access noteAcceso abierto
MetadataShow full item record
Immediate contextual information and world knowledge allow comprehenders to anticipate incoming language in real time. The cognitive mechanisms that underlie such behavior are, however, still only partially understood. We examined the novel idea that gender attitudes may influence how people make predictions during sentence processing. To this end, we conducted an eye-tracking experiment where participants listened to passive-voice sentences expressing gender-stereotypical actions (e.g., "The wood is being painted by the florist") while observing displays containing both female and male characters representing gender-stereotypical professions (e.g., florists, soldiers). In addition, we assessed participants' explicit gender-related attitudes to explore whether they might predict potential effects of gender-stereotypical information on anticipatory eye movements. The observed gaze pattern reflected that participants used gendered information to predict who was agent of the action. These effects were larger for female- vs. male-stereotypical contextual information but were not related to participants' gender-related attitudes. Our results showed that predictive language processing can be moderated by gender stereotypes, and that anticipation is stronger for female (vs. male) depicted characters. Further research should test the direct relation between gender-stereotypical sentence processing and implicit gender attitudes. These findings contribute to both social psychology and psycholinguistics research, as they extend our understanding of stereotype processing in multimodal contexts and regarding the role of attitudes (on top of world knowledge) in language prediction.
Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies ANID/FONDAP/15130009 Interdisciplinary Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Studies ANID/FONDAP/15110006 ANID/PIA/Basal Funds for Centers of Excellence FB0003 ANID/FONDECYT 11161074 11171074
Artículo de publícación WoS
Quote ItemFrontiers in Psychology June 2021 | Volume 12 | Article 589429
The following license files are associated with this item: