Metformin treatment regulates the expression of molecules involved in adiponectin and insulin signaling pathways in endometria from women with obesity-associated insulin resistance and PCOS
Access noteAcceso abierto
MetadataShow full item record
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine/metabolic disorder associated with insulin resistance (IR) and obesity. Endometria from women with PCOS present failures in insulin action, glucose uptake and signaling of insulin-sensitizing molecules, such as adiponectin, with consequences for reproduction. Metformin (MTF) treatment improves insulin signaling in endometrial tissues, but its mechanism is not fully understood. This study addresses the MTF effect, as well as adiponectin agonist action, on levels of molecules associated with insulin and adiponectin signaling pathways in endometrial tissue and cells, as assessed by immunohistochemistry and immunocytochemistry, respectively. Endometrial tissues were obtained from women and divided into five groups: Normal Weight (control); Obesity + IR; Obesity + IR + PCOS; Obesity + IR + MTF; Obesity + IR + PCOS + MTF. Endometrial cells stimulated with TNF alpha (as obesity-marker) were also used to partially emulate an obesity environment. The results showed low levels of insulin/adiponectin signaling in the endometria from women with obesity, IR and PCOS compared with the control group. MTF re-established these levels, independently of PCOS. TNF alpha-associated molecules were elevated in pathologic endometria, whereas MTF diminished these levels. The low levels of insulin/adiponectin molecules in endometrial cells treated with TNF alpha were reverted by MTF, similar to what was observed in the case of the adiponectin agonist. Therefore, independently of PCOS, MTF can re-establish levels of molecules involved in insulin/adiponectin signaling in endometrial cells, suggesting an improvement in insulin action and reproductive failures observed in endometria from women with obesity/PCOS.
Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT) CONICYT FONDECYT FONDECYT 1130053 Programa de Atraccion e Insercion de Capital Humano Avanzado, PAI (SIA) 77190041 Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT) CONICYT FONDECYT 3180656
Artículo de publícación WoS
Quote ItemInt. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 3922
The following license files are associated with this item: