• Alfabetismo Financiero, Endeudamiento y Morosidad de los Hogares en Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Ruiz-Tagle Venero, Jaime (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      Este trabajo explora el impacto de la alfabetización financiera sobre el acceso a deuda, los niveles de endeudamiento y la morosidad de los hogares en Chile. Se encuentra que los niveles de alfabetización financiera son ...
    • Análisis comparativo de precios de medicamentos en América Latina 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; González Tissinetti, Aldo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      Este trabajo realiza una comparación de precios de medicamentos entre las seis principales economías de América Latina. Se emplea un modelo econométrico de panel con efecto fijo por país que controla por un variado ...
    • Banking Competition and Firm-Level Financial Constraints in Latin America 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Jara Bertín, Mauricio (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      Prior literature argues that, given the existence of information asymmetries and agency costs, higher competition may increase financial constraints by reducing banks’ incentives to build lending relationships. Using a ...
    • The China price: evidence and some implications 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Claro, Sebastián (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2006-12)
      China’s import penetration in Chilean markets is higher in unskilled-labor intensive sectors as predicted by traditional endowment-based theories of comparative advantage. However, there is also evidence of within-indu ...
    • The China price: evidence and some implications 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Claro, Sebastián (Universidad de Chile. Departamento de Economía, 2006-12)
      China's import penetration in Chilean markets is higher in unskilled-labor intensive sectors as predicted by traditional endowment-based theories of comparative advantage. However, there is also evidence of within-indu ...
    • Commodity Prices Shocks and Poverty in Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; García Marín, Álvaro; Ilabaca, Sebastián (Elsevier, 2018)
      This paper examines the local economic impact on poverty of large increases in metal-mining products prices in Chile. Using household data from 1998 to 2009, and exploiting differences in municipalities’ exposure to ...
    • Commodity prices shocks and poverty reduction in Chile 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; García Marín, Álvaro; Ilabaca, Sebastián (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-07)
      This paper examines the local economic impact of large increases in metal-mining product prices on poverty in Chile. Using household data from 1998 to 2013 and exploiting differences in municipalities’ exposure to price ...
    • Competition, selection, and productivity growth in the chilean manufacturing industry 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; González Tissinetti, Aldo (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2017-09)
      Recent evidence for several countries shows a decline in TFP growth. However, there is not much evidence for developing countries and much less regarding the impact of competition in product markets. In this paper, we ...
    • Credit contraction and international trade: Evidence from Chilean exporters 

      Aisen, Ari; Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Sagner Tapia, Andrés; Turén Román, Javier (2013)
      Using data of Chilean exporting firms, this paper studies the effect of the financial crisis on the extensive and intensive margin of export in the aftermath of the crisis. The negative effect of the crisis on exports is ...
    • David v/s Goliat: the impact of Chinese Competition on Developing Countries 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Claro, Sebastián (Banco Central de Chile, 2008)
      We use detailed Chilean plant-level data from 1990 to 2000 to study the impact of Chinese import competition in manufacturing industries. We study whether China’s imports have been associated with a downsizing of ...
    • Determinantes de las exportaciones mundiales de manufacturas a China 1990-2006 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Figueroa Benavides, Eugenio; Figueroa Z, María Pía; Palma E., Macarena (Naciones Unidas, 2009)
      En este trabajo se estudian los factores determinantes de las exportaciones de manufacturas a China. Utilizando datos de 79 países correspondientes al período 1990-2006 y estimaciones de ecuaciones de gravedad, se ...
    • Determinantes del desempeño exportador de las firmas chilenas: evidencia en la industria manufacturera 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2002)
      Este artículo analiza los determinantes del desempeño exportador de las firmas manufactureras chilenas en el período 1990-1996. El principal objetivo es identificar aquellos factores que influencian la permanencia de las ...
    • Determinants of Export Diversification Around the World: 1962–2000 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Agosín Trumper, Manuel; Álvaro Ortega, Claudio Cristian (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2012-03)
      Using a large dataset for 79 countries covering the period 19622000, this study analyses the main determinants of export diversification (concentration). We explore the role of several factors and we use three different ...
    • Do institutional blockholders influence corporate investment? evidence from emerging markets 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Jara, Mauricio; Pombo, Carlos (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      This paper examines the relation between firm investment ratios and institutional blockholders for a sample of 6,300 publicly traded firms in 16 large emerging markets for the 2004–2016 period. Results show that independent, ...
    • Does Competition Spur Innovation in Developing Countries? 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Campusano, Rolando (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2014)
      Using the Climate Investment Survey from the World Bank, we analyze the effect of competition on technological innovation in developing countries. We deal with endogeneity of competition by using the interaction between ...
    • Empirical evidence on R&D targeting and transitions 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Bravo Ortega, Claudio; Poniachik Calderón, Dan (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2015-04)
      Over the last five decades a growing number of governments in developed and developing countries have implemented targeting policies to increase the R&D to GDP ratio. However, until now there have been few attempts either ...
    • EXIT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: ECONOMIC REFORMS AND PLANT HETEROGENEITY 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Vergara, Sebastián (Banco Central de Chile, 2008-12)
      Several studies have found that plant turnover contributes to productivity growth. This evidence seems to be consistent with the idea that, by reducing protection granted to inefficient firms, economic liberalization ...
    • Exporter performance and promotion instruments: chilean empirical evidence 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Crespi, Gustavo (Universidad de Chile. Departamento de Economía, 2000-12)
      During recent decades, the good performance of the export sector has been one of the main sources of fast economic growth in the Chilean economy. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of some public promotion instruments ...
    • Exporter performance and promotion instruments: Chilean empirical evidence 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; Crespi T., Gustavo (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2000-12)
      During recent decades, the good performance of the export sector has been one of the main sources of fast economic growth in the Chilean economy. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of some public promotion instruments ...
    • Exporting and performance: evidence from Chilean plants 

      Álvarez Espinoza, Roberto; López, Ricardo A. (UNIV TORONTO PRESS INC, 2005-11)
      Recent empirical evidence documents the superior characteristics of exporters relative to non-exporters. Three explanations for this phenomenon have been proposed: self-selection; learning-by-exporting; and conscious ...