Antioxidant activity of a new aromatic geranyl derivative of the resinous exudates from Heliotropium glutinosum Phil.
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Heliotropium glutinosum Phil. (Heliotropiceae) is a resinous bush that grows at a height of 2000 in in Chanaral, Chile. From the resinous exudates of Heliotropium glutinosum Phil. a new aromatic geranyl derivative: 4-methoxy-3-[(2)-7 '-methyl-3 ' hydroxymethyl-2 ',6 '-octadienyl] phenol (1) and three flavonoids: 5,3 '-dihydroxy-7,4 '-dimetboxyflavanone (2), 5,4 '-dihydroxy-7-methoxyfltvanone (3) and 4 '-acetyl-5-hydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone (4) were isolated and their structures were determined. Their antioxidant activity were evaluated using the bleaching of ABTS and DPPH derived cation radical methods and expressed in terms of FRE (fast reacting equivalents) and TRE (total reacting equivalents), where FRE is a good measure of the quick protection of a given compound against oxidants and TRE measures the degree of long-term protection of the antioxidant, or how effective it is against a strong oxidative stress.