Oxidation of C4-hydroxyphenyl 1,4-dihydropyridines in dimethylsulfoxide and its reactivity towards alkylperoxyl radicals in aqueous medium
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This work reports the electrochemical oxidation of three newly synthesized C4-hydroxyphenyl-substituted 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives in dimethylsulfoxide. The reactivity of the compounds with ABAP-derived alkylperoxyl radicals in aqueous buffer pH 7.4, was also studied. The oxidation mechanism involves the formation of the unstable dihydropyridyl radical, which was confirmed by controlled-potential electrolysis (CPE) and ESR experiments. The final product of the CPE, that is, pyridine derivative, was identified by GC-MS technique for the three derivatives. A direct reactivity of the synthesized compounds toward ABAP-derived alkylperoxyl radicals was found. The pyridine derivative was identified by GC-MS as the final product of the reaction. Results reveal that this type of 1,4-DHPs significantly reacts with the radicals, even compared with commercial 1,4-DHP drugs with a well-known antioxidant ability.